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Entity-Oriented Search

  • Book
  • Open Access
  • © 2018

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  • The first book on a rapidly developing area, providing a coherent and comprehensive overview of the state of the art
  • Details how entities can bridge the gap between unstructured and structured data for search
  • Shows how entity search can provide the basis for semantic search with rich and focused query responses

Part of the book series: The Information Retrieval Series (INRE, volume 39)

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About this book

This open access book covers all facets of entity-oriented search—where “search” can be interpreted in the broadest sense of information access—from a unified point of view, and provides a coherent and comprehensive overview of the state of the art. It represents the first synthesis of research in this broad and rapidly developing area. Selected topics are discussed in-depth, the goal being to establish fundamental techniques and methods as a basis for future research and development. Additional topics are treated at a survey level only, containing numerous pointers to the relevant literature. A roadmap for future research, based on open issues and challenges identified along the way, rounds out the book.

The book is divided into three main parts, sandwiched between introductory and concluding chapters. The first two chapters introduce readers to the basic concepts, provide an overview of entity-oriented search tasks, and present the various types andsources of data that will be used throughout the book. Part I deals with the core task of entity ranking: given a textual query, possibly enriched with additional elements or structural hints, return a ranked list of entities. This core task is examined in a number of different variants, using both structured and unstructured data collections, and numerous query formulations. In turn, Part II is devoted to the role of entities in bridging unstructured and structured data. Part III explores how entities can enable search engines to understand the concepts, meaning, and intent behind the query that the user enters into the search box, and how they can provide rich and focused responses (as opposed to merely a list of documents)—a process known as semantic search. The final chapter concludes the book by discussing the limitations of current approaches, and suggesting directions for future research.

Researchers and graduate students are the primary target audience of this book. A general background in information retrieval is sufficient to follow the material, including an understanding of basic probability and statistics concepts as well as a basic knowledge of machine learning concepts and supervised learning algorithms.

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Table of contents (10 chapters)

  1. Entity Ranking

  2. Bridging Text and Structure

  3. Semantic Search

Authors and Affiliations

  • University of Stavanger, Stavanger, Norway

    Krisztian Balog

About the author

Krisztian Balog is a full professor of Computer Science, heading the Information Access and Interaction (IAI) group at the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science at the University of Stavanger. His general research interests lie in the use and development of information retrieval, information extraction, and machine learning techniques for intelligent information access tasks, and his current emphasis is on entity-oriented and semantic search, and novel evaluation methodologies. His work on entity retrieval has been very influential and has received numerous awards.

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