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American Journal of Potato Research

, Volume 84, Issue 6, pp 487–506 | Cite as

Adaptation of potato to high temperatures and salinity-a review

  • David Levy
  • Richard E. Veilleux
Invited Review

Abstract

Because most commercial potato cultivars were developed in temperate regions, they are adapted, therefore producing the greatest yield under long photoperiods and moderate temperatures. Both heat and salinity stress reduce yield markedly. As potato production moves to areas of the globe where either or both heat and salinity stress are likely to be factors that affect production, our need increases for potato germplasm that can tolerate these adverse conditions. Genetic studies on germplasm variability have revealed species or even cultivars of potato that can resist abiotic stress. The inheritance of abiotic stress resistance is likely to be multigenic, a factor that may limit the utility of transgenic approaches to stress tolerance. However, the development of new methodology, such as association genetics in conjunction with marker-assisted selection, offers promise that stress-tolerant germplasm can be developed as our need increases.

Additional Key Words

abiotic stress Solarium tuberosum heat tolerance salt tolerance 

Abbreviations

DAP

days after planting

EC

electrical conductivity as a measure of salt content of soil expressed as decisiemens per meter (dS/M)

GDP

glyceraldehyde- 3- phosphate dehydrogenase

HSP

heat shock proteins

QTL

quantitative trait loci

RIL

recombinant inbred lines

Resumen

Debido a que la mayoría de cultivares de papa han sido desarrolladas en regiones templadas, son por tanto adaptadas a producir los mayores rendimiento bajo fotoperiodos largos y temperaturas moderadas. Tanto el calor como la salinidad reducen marcadamente los rendimientos. A medida de que la producción de papa se mueve a áreas del mundo donde la salinidad o el calor o ambos producen estrés, factores probables que afectan la producción, se hace necesario incrementar el germoplasma de papa que pueda tolerar estas condiciones adversas. Estudios genéticos sobre variabilidad del germoplasma de papa revelaron especies y aún cultivares que pueden resistir el estrés abiótico. La herencia de resistencia al estrés biológico parece ser multigénica, un factor que puede limitar la utilidad de enfoques transgénicos para tolerancia al estrés. Sin embargo, el desarrollo de metodologías nuevas, tales como la genética de asociación junto con selección apoyada por marcadores, ofrece la promesa de que el germoplasma tolerante al estrés pueda ser desarrollado a medida de que se incrementen nuestras necesidades.

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© Springer 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The Robert H. Smith Institute of Plant Sciences and Genetics in AgricultureThe Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Faculty of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Quality SciencesRehovotIsrael
  2. 2.Department of HorticultureVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State UniversityBlacksburgUSA

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