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Somatic Hybridization in Algae

  • C. R. K. Reddy
  • Y. Fujita
  • Y. P. S. Bajaj
Part of the Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry book series (AGRICULTURE, volume 27)

Abstract

Algae are the most heterogeneous assemblage of autotrophic primitive plants and belong to the division Thallophyta. They are very diversified in form, function and structure, and grow in almost all habitats. Most algal production is contributed to the detrital food chain either as particulate or dissolved organic matter and a small part is directly consumed by grazing. In the marine environment algae form 90% of the total marine flora and thus play a very vital role in sustaining the productivity of the oceans. Among the algae in marine habitats, the microscopic, free-floating or swimming forms are known as phytoplankton and the macroscopic, benthic forms are called seaweeds. Seaweeds generally grow abundantly on rocky substrata in intertidal and subtidal regions where adequate light for growth penetrates. Ever since the utilization of these resources for different purposes, several workers have investigated the possibilities of using these resources more effetively for the production of economically and commercially important products world-wide.

Keywords

Somatic Hybridization Protoplast Fusion Fusion Product Color Morph Protoplast Isolation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. R. K. Reddy
    • 1
  • Y. Fujita
    • 2
  • Y. P. S. Bajaj
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.CSMCRI-Marine Algal Research StationTamil NaduIndia
  2. 2.Faculty of FisheriesNagasaki UniversityNagasakiJapan
  3. 3.Former Professor of Tissue CulturePunjab Agricultural UniversityLudhianaIndia
  4. 4.Former Professor of Tissue CulturePunjab Agricultural UniversityNew DelhiIndia

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