Skip to main content
  • Book
  • Open Access
  • © 2022

Molecules in Superfluid Helium Nanodroplets

Spectroscopy, Structure, and Dynamics

  • Up-to-date insight into a new key technique for molecular spectroscopy

  • Summarizes current branches of chemical physics profiting from helium droplets

  • Presents the unique physics of solvation in superfluid helium on a microscopic scale

  • This book is open access, which means that you have free and unlimited access.

Part of the book series: Topics in Applied Physics (TAP, volume 145)

Buying options

Softcover Book USD 49.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Hardcover Book USD 59.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)

Table of contents (11 chapters)

  1. Front Matter

    Pages i-xix
  2. Small Helium Clusters Studied by Coulomb Explosion Imaging

    • Maksim Kunitski
    Pages 41-66Open Access
  3. Helium Droplet Mass Spectrometry

    • Arne Schiller, Felix Laimer, Lukas Tiefenthaler
    Pages 67-153Open Access
  4. Electronic Spectroscopy in Superfluid Helium Droplets

    • Florian Schlaghaufer, Johannes Fischer, Alkwin Slenczka
    Pages 179-240Open Access
  5. Spectroscopy of Small and Large Biomolecular Ions in Helium-Nanodroplets

    • Eike Mucha, Daniel Thomas, Maike Lettow, Gerard Meijer, Kevin Pagel, Gert von Helden
    Pages 241-280Open Access
  6. X-Ray and XUV Imaging of Helium Nanodroplets

    • Rico Mayro P. Tanyag, Bruno Langbehn, Thomas Möller, Daniela Rupp
    Pages 281-341Open Access
  7. Electron Diffraction of Molecules and Clusters in Superfluid Helium Droplets

    • Jie Zhang, Yunteng He, Lei Lei, Yuzhong Yao, Stephen Bradford, Wei Kong
    Pages 343-379Open Access
  8. Laser-Induced Alignment of Molecules in Helium Nanodroplets

    • Jens H. Nielsen, Dominik Pentlehner, Lars Christiansen, Benjamin Shepperson, Anders A. Søndergaard, Adam S. Chatterley et al.
    Pages 381-445Open Access
  9. Ultrafast Dynamics in Helium Droplets

    • Lukas Bruder, Markus Koch, Marcel Mudrich, Frank Stienkemeier
    Pages 447-511Open Access
  10. Synthesis of Metallic Nanoparticles in Helium Droplets

    • Florian Lackner
    Pages 513-560Open Access
  11. Back Matter

    Pages 561-578

About this book

This open access book covers recent advances in experiments using the ultra-cold, very weakly perturbing superfluid environment provided by helium nanodroplets for high resolution spectroscopic, structural and dynamic studies of molecules and synthetic clusters. The recent infra-red, UV-Vis studies of radicals, molecules, clusters, ions and biomolecules, as well as laser dynamical and laser orientational studies, are reviewed. The Coulomb explosion studies of the uniquely quantum structures of small helium clusters, X-ray imaging of large droplets and electron diffraction of embedded molecules are also described. Particular emphasis is given to the synthesis and detection of new species by mass spectrometry and deposition electron microscopy.


  • Microscopic superfluidity
  • X-ray imaging
  • Spectroscopy of biomolecules
  • Spectroscopic matrices
  • Vibronic spectroscopy
  • Rovibronic spectroscopy
  • Open Access


“I can’t help but fully share the editors’ acknowledgement to all the 39 authors ‘for their stellar contributions, which will make this book a long-lasting classical reference point for both practitioners and learners’.” (Giorgio Benedek, Il Nuovo Saggiatore, Vol. 38 (3-4), 2022)

Editors and Affiliations

  • Institute of Physical and Theoretical Chemistry, University of Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany

    Alkwin Slenczka

  • MPI für Dynamik und Selbstorganisation, Göttingen, Germany

    Jan Peter Toennies

About the editors

Alkwin Slenczka studied physics and received his doctorate under the supervision of J. Peter Toennies at the Max Planck Institut für Strömungsforschung, Göttingen. As a Feodor Lynen fellow of the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation, he joined the group of Dudley R. Herschbach at Harvard University as a post-doc. After returning to Germany, he became a research assistant at the Institute of Physical and Theoretical Chemistry at the University of Regensburg. There he habilitated and became an associate professor of Physical Chemistry. His current research deals with micro-solvation in superfluid helium nanodroplets.

Jan Peter Toennies received a Ph.D. in Chemistry from Brown University, Providence USA. He then joined the Physics Department of the University of Bonn to learn about molecular beams in the group of Professor Wolfgang Paul. In 1969, he was appointed as a scientific member of the Max Planck Society and director at the Max Planck Institut (MPI) für Strömungsforschung in Göttingen.  As an emeritus, he continues his research in the successor MPI für Dynamik und Selbstorganisation. He has received numerous international awards including the Stern Gerlach Medal of the German Physical Society.

Bibliographic Information

  • Book Title: Molecules in Superfluid Helium Nanodroplets

  • Book Subtitle: Spectroscopy, Structure, and Dynamics

  • Editors: Alkwin Slenczka, Jan Peter Toennies

  • Series Title: Topics in Applied Physics

  • DOI:

  • Publisher: Springer Cham

  • eBook Packages: Physics and Astronomy, Physics and Astronomy (R0)

  • Copyright Information: The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s) 2022

  • License: CC BY

  • Hardcover ISBN: 978-3-030-94895-5Published: 29 May 2022

  • Softcover ISBN: 978-3-030-94898-6Published: 29 May 2022

  • eBook ISBN: 978-3-030-94896-2Published: 28 May 2022

  • Series ISSN: 0303-4216

  • Series E-ISSN: 1437-0859

  • Edition Number: 1

  • Number of Pages: XIX, 578

  • Number of Illustrations: 38 b/w illustrations, 218 illustrations in colour

  • Topics: Atomic and Molecular Structure and Properties, Low Temperature Physics, Spectroscopy, Spectroscopy

Buying options

Softcover Book USD 49.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Hardcover Book USD 59.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)