, Volume 56, Issue 3, pp 763–775 | Cite as

Comparative studies of compatible and incompatible pepper–Tobamovirus interactions and the evaluation of effects of 24-epibrassinolide

  • A. Janeczko
  • M. Dziurka
  • G. Gullner
  • M. Kocurek
  • M. Rys
  • D. Saja
  • A. Skoczowski
  • I. Tóbiás
  • A. Kornas
  • B. Barna
Open Access


The aim of study was to gain a deeper knowledge about local and systemic changes in photosynthetic processes and sugar production of pepper infected by Obuda pepper virus (ObPV) and Pepper mild mottle virus (PMMoV). PSII efficiency, reflectance, and gas exchange were measured 48 and/or 72 h after inoculation (hpi). Sugar accumulation was checked 72 hpi and 20 d after inoculation (as a systemic response). Inoculation of leaves with ObPV led to appearance of hypersensitive necrotic lesions (incompatible interaction), while PMMoV caused no visible symptoms (compatible interaction). ObPV (but not PMMoV) lowered Fv/Fm (from 0.827 to 0.148 at 72 hpi). Net photosynthesis decreased in ObPV-infected leaves. In ObPV-inoculated leaves, the accumulation of glucose, fructose, and glucose-6-phosphate was accompanied with lowered sucrose, maltoheptose, nystose, and trehalose contents. PMMoV inoculation increased the contents of glucose, maltose, and raffinose in the inoculated leaves, while glucose-6-phosphate accummulated in upper leaves.

Additional key words

brassinosteroids CO2 assimilation systemic virus response water band index xanthophyll cycle 







days after inoculation


electron transport chain


hours after inoculation


Obuda pepper virus


Pepper mild mottle virus


physiological reflectance index


reaction center


reactive oxygen species


relative water content


structure insensitive pigment index


uracildiphosphate glucose


water band index




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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Janeczko
    • 1
  • M. Dziurka
    • 1
  • G. Gullner
    • 2
  • M. Kocurek
    • 3
  • M. Rys
    • 1
  • D. Saja
    • 1
  • A. Skoczowski
    • 1
  • I. Tóbiás
    • 2
  • A. Kornas
    • 4
  • B. Barna
    • 2
  1. 1.Polish Academy of SciencesThe Franciszek Górski Institute of Plant PhysiologyKrakówPoland
  2. 2.Plant Protection Institute, Centre for Agricultural ResearchHungarian Academy of SciencesBudapestHungary
  3. 3.Institute of BiologyThe Jan Kochanowski UniversityKielcePoland
  4. 4.Institute of BiologyPedagogical University of CracowKrakówPoland

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