Agents and Actions

, Volume 43, Issue 1–2, pp 69–77 | Cite as

Diamine oxidase in relation to diamine and polyamine metabolism

  • Angela Sessa
  • Antonio Perin
Review

Abstract

Diamine oxidase catalyzes the oxidative deamination of short chain aliphatic diamines, like putrescine, and histamine. The enzyme is rate-limiting in the terminal catabolism of polyamines, which are endogenous polycations important for cell growth and differentiation. This review examines the behavior of diamine oxidase in mammalian tissues in relation to diamine and polyamine metabolism under physiological and pathological conditions. The role of diamine oxidase in the control of putrescine levels in growing tissues and the known mechanisms responsible for the enzyme expression are also described.

Key words

Diamine oxidase Diamine metabolism Polyamine metabolism 

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Copyright information

© Birkhäuser Verlag 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Angela Sessa
    • 1
  • Antonio Perin
    • 2
  1. 1.Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Centro di Studio sulla Patologia CellulareUniversità di MilanoMilanoItaly
  2. 2.Istituto di Patologia GeneraleUniversità di MilanoMilanoItaly

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