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Cell-Based Systems of Depression: An Overview

  • Danuta JantasEmail author
Chapter
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Abstract

From several years, cellular models have been used solely or in combination with animal studies to investigate the mechanisms of depression and antidepressant drug action. Moreover, such models based on known mechanism could be used as a first screening platform for searching new agents with putative antidepressant activity. For those purposes, primary neuronal cell models (cortical or hippocampal neurons), neuronal cell lines (rat clonal pheochromocytoma PC12, human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y, mouse hippocampal HT-22), primary glial cell cultures (astrocytes, microglia), and glial cell lines (rat glioma C6, microglial BV2) could be engaged. In this book chapter an overview on the used cellular models in experimental studies of depression will be presented. There will be an attempt to standardize all available protocols for particular cell systems with the emphasis on advantages and limitations of each model.

Keywords

Primary neuronal and glial cell cultures SH-SY5Y PC12 HT-22 BV2 Antidepressants Natural products Herbs Neuroplasticity Neurogenesis BDNF 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The author is funded by statutory funds of the Institute of Pharmacology Polish Academy of Sciences.

Conflict of Interest: The author confirms that this chapter contents have no conflict of interest.

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© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Experimental Neuroendocrinology, Institute of PharmacologyPolish Academy of SciencesKrakowPoland

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