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Mode of Action and Interactions of Nematophagous Fungi

  • L. V. Lopez-Llorca
  • J. G. Maciá-Vicente
  • H.-B. Jansson
Part of the Integrated Management of Plant Pests and Diseases book series (IMPD, volume 2)

Abstract

Nematophagous fungi are potential candidates for biological control of plant-parasitic nematodes, and an important constituent in integrated pest management programs. In this chapter we describe various aspects on the biology of these fungi. Nematophagous species can be found in most fungal taxa, indicating that the nematophagous habit evolved independently in the different groups of nematophagous fungi. Regarding their mode of action we discuss recognition phenomena (e.g. chemotaxis and adhesion), signaling and differentiation, and penetration of the nematode cuticle/eggshell using mechanical, as well as enzymatic (protease and chitinase) means. The activities of nematophagous fungi in soil and rhizosphere is also discussed.

Keywords

Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungus Root Exudate Nematophagous Fungus Cereal Cyst Nematode Endophytic Colonization 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Springer 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. V. Lopez-Llorca
    • 1
  • J. G. Maciá-Vicente
    • 1
  • H.-B. Jansson
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Plant PathologyMultidisciplinary Institute for Environmental Studies (MIES) “Ramon Margalef”, University of AlicanteSpain

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