Chemical Papers

, Volume 67, Issue 7, pp 703–712 | Cite as

Hydrogen production by steam reforming of glycerol over Ni/Ce/Cu hydroxyapatite-supported catalysts

  • Lukman Hakim
  • Zahira Yaakob
  • Manal Ismail
  • Wan Ramli Wan Daud
  • Ratna Sari
Original Paper

Abstract

Hydroxyapatite-supported Ni-Ce-Cu catalysts were synthesised and tested to study their potential for use in the steam reforming of glycerol to produce hydrogen. The catalysts were prepared by the deposition-precipitation method with variable nickel, cerium, and copper loadings. The performance of the catalysts was evaluated in terms of hydrogen yield at 600°C in a tubular fixed-bed microreactor. All catalysts were characterised by the BET surface area, XRD, TPR, TEM, and FE-SEM techniques. The reaction time was 240 min in a fixed-bed reactor at 600°C and atmospheric pressure with a water-to-glycerol feed molar ratio of 8: 1. It was found that the Ni-Ce-Cu (3 mass %-7.5 mass %-7.5 mass %) hydroxyapatite-supported catalyst afforded the highest hydrogen yield (57.5 %), with a glycerol conversion rate of 97.3 %. The results indicate that Ni/Ce/Cu/hydroxyapatite has great potential as a catalyst for hydrogen production by steam reforming of glycerol.

Keywords

hydroxyapatite glycerol steam reforming catalyst deposition-precipitation hydrogen 

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Copyright information

© Institute of Chemistry, Slovak Academy of Sciences 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lukman Hakim
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Zahira Yaakob
    • 1
    • 2
  • Manal Ismail
    • 1
    • 2
  • Wan Ramli Wan Daud
    • 1
    • 2
  • Ratna Sari
    • 1
    • 2
    • 4
  1. 1.Fuel Cell InstituteUniversiti Kebangsaan MalaysiaUKM Bangi, SelangorMalaysia
  2. 2.Department of Chemical and Process EngineeringUniversiti Kebangsaan MalaysiaUKM Bangi, SelangorMalaysia
  3. 3.Malikussaleh UniversityNorth AcehIndonesia
  4. 4.Lhokseumawe State PolytechnicNorth AcehIndonesia

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