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Impact of seaweeds on agricultural crop production as biofertilizer

Abstract

Seaweeds or marine macroalgae are rich in diverse compounds like lipids, proteins, carbohydrates, phytohormones, amino acids, osmoprotectants, antimicrobial compounds and minerals. Their potential for agricultural applications is used since antiquity, but recent demands of organic farming and organic food stimulated much the application of organic treatments like seaweed extracts in agriculture. The benefits of seaweeds application in agricultural field are numerous and diverse such as stimulation of seed germination, enhancement of health and growth of plants namely shoot and root elongation, improved water and nutrient uptake, frost and saline resistance, biocontrol and resistance toward phytopathogenic organisms, remediation of pollutants of contaminated soil and fertilization. In this review, scientific progress in this field was collected and critically assessed to lay grounds for further investigations and applications.

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Acknowledgements

We kindly appreciate the exceptional help of Mr. Abbaci Hocine (University of Bejaia, Algeria). We also express our gratitude for Mr. A/Wahab Rai (LMER-BE) University of Bejaia, Algeria.

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Nabti, E., Jha, B. & Hartmann, A. Impact of seaweeds on agricultural crop production as biofertilizer. Int. J. Environ. Sci. Technol. 14, 1119–1134 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13762-016-1202-1

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Keywords

  • Seaweed
  • Macroalgae
  • Biofertilizer
  • Biostimulants
  • Osmoprotection
  • Soil
  • Agriculture