Biologia Plantarum

, Volume 62, Issue 4, pp 601–616 | Cite as

Physiological and molecular mechanisms of brassinosteroid-induced tolerance to high and low temperature in plants

  • I. Sadura
  • A. JaneczkoEmail author
Open Access


Brassinosteroids (BRs) are plant hormones that were isolated for the first time in the 1970s. This group currently includes more than 70 compounds that differ in their structure and physiological activity. BRs are present in plants in a free form or in the form of conjugates. BRs are known as plant growth regulators, but they also play a role in the plant response to environmental stresses. In the case of plants that are exposed to low/high temperature, exogenous BRs can counteract growth inhibition and reduce biomass losses as well as increase plant survival. BRs show a multidirectional activity in regulating the metabolism of plants exposed to extreme temperatures. The following BRs actions can be distinguished: changes in membrane physicochemical properties, regulation of the expression of selected genes (including stress-responsive genes), as well as indirect effects on metabolism through other hormones or signalling molecules (such as hydrogen peroxide). This review summarizes the current knowledge about the effects of BRs on the physiological and biochemical processes that occur in plants during exposure to low or high temperatures.

Additional key words

plant acclimation cell membranes cold freezing gene expression heat oxidative damage photosynthesis proline 



abscisic acid


ascorbate peroxidase


ascorbic acid


BRI1 associated receptor kinase1




brassinosteroid insensitive2 kinase




cell surface receptor kinase




brassinosteroid-signalling kinase1


brassinazole resistant1




C-repeat/dehydration responsive element binding factors


chilling injury


cold-responsive proteins


dehydroascorbate reductase


transpiration rate


electron transport rate


maximum quantum efficiency of PS II photochemistry


efficiency of open reaction centres in light


stomatal conductance


glutathione reductase


reduced glutathione


heat shock protein




monodehydroascorbate reductase


net photosynthetic rate




photochemical quenching coefficient


reactive oxygen species


ribulose—1,5-bis-phosphate carboxylase/oxygenase


superoxide dismutase


effective quantum yield of PS II photochemistry

Supplementary material

10535_2018_805_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (92 kb)
Supplementary material, approximately 93 KB.


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© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The Franciszek Górski Institute of Plant PhysiologyPolish Academy of SciencesKrakowPoland

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