Biology Bulletin Reviews

, Volume 2, Issue 6, pp 449–459

Species diversity of plant communities: Current state of the problem

Authors

  • B. M. Mirkin
    • Institute of Biology, Ufa Scientific CenterRussian Academy of Sciences
    • Akmullah Bashkir State Pedagogical University
Article

DOI: 10.1134/S2079086412060072

Cite this article as:
Mirkin, B.M. & Naumova, L.G. Biol Bull Rev (2012) 2: 449. doi:10.1134/S2079086412060072
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Abstract

Factors that influence the species diversity of plant communities are discussed, including abiotic factors (altitude above sea level and soil moistening, fertility, pH, and salinization), biotic factors (dominants, competition intensity, positive interactions, seed banks, phytophages, and pathogens), and the succession status (influence of grazing, fires, and invasive species). The species diversity in different plant communities is shown to be formed by a combination of different factors. The main approaches in the restoration ecology are analyzed, including the restoration successions and the introduction of species from natural communities into disturbed communities characterized by a poor species composition.

Keywords

ecotopebiotic factorssuccession statusrestoration ecologybiological diversity of plant communities

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2012