Translational Behavioral Medicine

, Volume 4, Issue 3, pp 238–251

Evaluating individual intervention components: making decisions based on the results of a factorial screening experiment

  • Linda M Collins
  • Jessica B Trail
  • Kari C Kugler
  • Timothy B Baker
  • Megan E Piper
  • Robin J Mermelstein
Original Research

DOI: 10.1007/s13142-013-0239-7

Cite this article as:
Collins, L.M., Trail, J.B., Kugler, K.C. et al. Behav. Med. Pract. Policy Res. (2014) 4: 238. doi:10.1007/s13142-013-0239-7

ABSTRACT

The multiphase optimization strategy (MOST) is a framework for not only evaluating but also optimizing behavioral interventions. A tool critical for MOST is the screening experiment, which enables efficient gathering of information for deciding which components to include in an optimized intervention. This article outlines a procedure for making decisions based on data from a factorial screening experiment. The decision making procedure is illustrated with artificial data generated to resemble empirical data. The illustration suggests that this approach is useful for selecting intervention components and settings based on the results of a factorial screening experiment. It is important to develop methods for making decisions based on factorial screening experiments. The approach demonstrated here is potentially useful, but has limited generalizability. Future research should develop additional decision making procedures for a variety of situations.

KEYWORDS

Comparative effectiveness Multiphase optimization strategy Factorial experiments Behavioral interventions 

Copyright information

© Society of Behavioral Medicine 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Linda M Collins
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jessica B Trail
    • 1
    • 3
  • Kari C Kugler
    • 1
  • Timothy B Baker
    • 4
  • Megan E Piper
    • 4
  • Robin J Mermelstein
    • 5
  1. 1.The Methodology CenterPennsylvania State UniversityState CollegeUSA
  2. 2.Department of Human Development and Family StudiesPennsylvania State UniversityState CollegeUSA
  3. 3.Department of StatisticsPennsylvania State UniversityState CollegeUSA
  4. 4.Center for Tobacco Research and InterventionUniversity of WisconsinMadisonUSA
  5. 5.Department of Psychology and Institute for Health Research and PolicyUniversity of IllinoisChicagoUSA