, Volume 52, Issue 1, pp 1-3
Date: 10 Jan 2013

Fifty years ago …

This is an excerpt from the content

Fifty years ago—in the early 1960s—the world was different from what it is today. At that time, large parts of the world still had to recover from the disastrous consequences of the Second World War. People struggled for a better life and science appeared to provide a promising option to achieve this goal. One of the consequences of the Second World War was the formation of the United Nations in 1945, and the early 1960s may be considered as an era where world peace seemed a realistic vision. The political and military balance of power between the major global players at that time—the United States and the Soviet Union—seemed to work and even serious alarms and setbacks, such as the 1962 Cuban Missile Crisis, could (with luck) be solved. Despite the trauma of the atomic bomb explosions in Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the peaceful use of nuclear power was promoted in the 1950s as a safe economic option to cover the increasing global energy need, and in many countries, nuclear programs were i