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Fear of Crime and Terrorism Among Israeli and Swedish Citizens

  • Mally Shechory-BittonEmail author
  • Esther Shachaf Friedman
Chapter

Abstract

The objective of the chapter is to broaden the understanding of the determinants of fear of crime and fear of terrorism while expanding the existing literature. Israel and Sweden provide case studies of two countries with a relatively similar population size, whereas their cultures are inherently different in their attitude toward terrorism and refugees. Several conclusions can be drawn from this study. The findings show higher rates of fear of crime and terrorism in the Israeli group than among the Swedes, despite the similar rates of actual exposure to crime. This finding could be explained by the Israeli society’s higher exposure to terrorism. In addition, the comparison between the Israeli and Swedish samples may indicate the significance of cultural explanation in accounting for differences between the two groups, especially with regard to fear of being a victim of crime. It is suggested that the diverse perception of the government’s responsibility for preventing the negative effects and of the “other” as a source of harm may account for the higher rates of fear of crime among Israelies explain this finding.

Keywords

Israel Sweden Fear of crime Fear of terrorism Neighborhood disorder Social integration 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mally Shechory-Bitton
    • 1
    Email author
  • Esther Shachaf Friedman
    • 2
  1. 1.Criminology DepartmentAriel UniversityArielIsrael
  2. 2.Linneaus University, Institution of Social WorkKalmarSweden

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