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Nano-phytoremediation of Pollutants from Contaminated Soil Environment: Current Scenario and Future Prospects

  • Akansha Srivastav
  • Krishna Kumar Yadav
  • Sunita Yadav
  • Neha Gupta
  • Jitendra Kumar Singh
  • Ravi Katiyar
  • Vinit Kumar
Chapter

Abstract

Soil contamination is a worldwide concern; for that reason effective remediation methods are necessary. Soil pollution caused by different organic, inorganic, persistent, and nonpersistent pollutants heavily alters the ecosystem structure and function and adversely affects the human health directly and indirectly. Anthropogenic sources i.e heavy metal pollutants and organic pollutants are responsible for these contaminants which accumulated in the soil and are taken up by the plants. Different remediation techniques are available for soil pollution, but all methods are having their own merit and demerits. Phytoremediation is an environment-friendly technology with good community acceptance and ultimate natural solution of contaminants. Nano-phytoremediation (nanomaterials inclusion with phytoremediation) is a green technology which includes the nanoscale materials used for adsorption of pollutants and their degradation and plants used to accumulate the degraded but still pollution-prone matter. Use of nanomaterial with phytoremediation can have the potential to increase the decontamination efficiency and turnover than the other phytoremediation process alone. In this chapter, we focused on the remediation of contaminated soil by using plants and nanomaterials to clean up the environment as well as the challenges and future prospects of nano-phytoremediation.

Keywords

Pollutants Phytotechnologies Nanomaterials Nano-phytoremediation 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Akansha Srivastav
    • 1
  • Krishna Kumar Yadav
    • 2
  • Sunita Yadav
    • 1
  • Neha Gupta
    • 2
  • Jitendra Kumar Singh
    • 3
  • Ravi Katiyar
    • 1
  • Vinit Kumar
    • 2
  1. 1.Center for Environmental Science and Climate Resilient AgricultureIndian Agriculture Research InstituteNew DelhiIndia
  2. 2.Institute of Environment and Development StudiesBundelkhand UniversityJhansiIndia
  3. 3.School of Environment and Sustainable DevelopmentCentral University of GujaratGandhinagarIndia

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