Phytoremediation and Fungi: An Underexplored Binomial

  • Adriana Otero-Blanca
  • Jorge Luis Folch-Mallol
  • Verónica Lira-Ruan
  • María del Rayo Sánchez Carbente
  • Ramón Alberto Batista-GarcíaEmail author
Part of the Nanotechnology in the Life Sciences book series (NALIS)


As physical and chemical remediation of xenobiotics is costly and most of the time inefficient, bioremediation has attracted attention in recent years. Bioremediation is the treatment of xenobiotic wastes with living organisms or their parts. Bioremediation with plants has been applied mainly to alleviate pollution by heavy metals, but it has also proven useful with other kinds of xenobiotics, such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, pesticides, dyes, etc. Plants use several mechanisms for bioremediation of different compounds: phytovolatilization, phytostabilization, phytodegradation, and rhizodegradation. Fungi are ideal for phytoremediation since they can coremove both organic and inorganic pollutants. Additional effort is necessary in the investigation of fungi-based phytoremediation of soil cocontaminated with heavy metals and organic compounds since studies on this are scarce and poli-polluted environments are more frequently found. Mycophytoremediation is a potentially effective strategy for the remediation of soils and waters polluted with xenobiotics. It is an emerging low-cost technology that still has to be explored, but which has already proven to be efficient, since very high percentages of persistent organic pollutants or heavy metals were shown to have been removed.


Bioremediation Fungi Mycophytoremediation Phytoremediation Xenobiotics 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Adriana Otero-Blanca
    • 1
  • Jorge Luis Folch-Mallol
    • 2
  • Verónica Lira-Ruan
    • 1
  • María del Rayo Sánchez Carbente
    • 2
  • Ramón Alberto Batista-García
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Centro de Investigación en Dinámica Celular-IICBAUniversidad Autónoma del Estado de MorelosCuernavacaMexico
  2. 2.Centro de Investigación en BiotecnologíaUniversidad Autónoma del Estado de MorelosCuernavacaMexico

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