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  • © 2017

New Horizons in Fundamental Physics

  • Presents advances across a broad range of topics in modern nuclear physics

  • Details recent progress in the study and generation of superheavy and exotic nuclei

  • Identifies methodology, analytical and numerical tools that could be used jointly in highly interdisciplinary fields

  • Includes supplementary material: sn.pub/extras

Part of the book series: FIAS Interdisciplinary Science Series (FIAS)

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Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-3-319-44165-8
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  • Own it forever
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  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Softcover Book USD 129.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
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Table of contents (27 chapters)

  1. Front Matter

    Pages i-ix
  2. Nuclear Structure and Superheavy Elements

    1. Front Matter

      Pages 1-1
    2. Intertwining of Greiner’s Theoretical Works and Our Experimental Studies

      • J. H. Hamilton, A. V. Ramayya, E. H. Wang
      Pages 3-13
    3. Perspectives of Heavy and Superheavy Nuclei Research

      • A. V. Karpov, V. I. Zagrebaev, W. Greiner
      Pages 31-40
    4. 25 Years of FRS Experiments and New Horizons

      • H. Geissel, G. Münzenberg, C. Scheidenberger
      Pages 55-79
    5. SHE Research with Rare-Isotope Beams, Challenges and Perspectives, and the New Generation of SHE Factories

      • G. Münzenberg, H. M. Devaraja, T. Dickel, H. Geissel, M. Gupta, S. Heinz et al.
      Pages 81-90
    6. Multi-modal Collinear Ternary Fission

      • W. von Oertzen, A. K. Nasirov
      Pages 91-101
  3. Physics of Heavy-Ion Collisions

    1. Front Matter

      Pages 125-125
    2. Chemical Freeze-Out Conditions in Hadron Resonance Gas

      • V. Vovchenko, M. I. Gorenstein, L. M. Satarov, H. Stöcker
      Pages 127-137
    3. The QCD Phase Diagram and Hadron Formation in Relativistic Nuclear Collisions

      • Francesco Becattini, Marcus Bleicher, Jan Steinheimer, Reinhard Stock
      Pages 139-150
    4. Degrees of Freedom of the Quark Gluon Plasma, Tested by Heavy Mesons

      • H. Berrehrah, M. Nahrgang, T. Song, V. Ozvenchuck, P. B. Gossiaux, K. Werner et al.
      Pages 151-165
    5. Electromagnetic Emissivity of Hot and Dense Matter

      • E. L. Bratkovskaya, O. Linnyk, W. Cassing
      Pages 167-179
    6. Novel Developments of HYDJET++ Model for Ultra-relativistic Heavy-Ion Collisions

      • L. Bravina, B. H. Brusheim Johansson, J. Crkovská, G. Eyyubova, V. Korotkikh, I. Lokhtin et al.
      Pages 187-197
  4. QED—Strong Fields and High Precision

    1. Front Matter

      Pages 209-209

About this book

This volume presents the state-of-the-art in selected topics across modern nuclear physics, covering fields of central importance to research and illustrating their connection to many different areas of physics.

It describes recent progress in the study of superheavy and exotic nuclei, which is pushing our knowledge to ever heavier elements and neutron-richer isotopes. Extending nuclear physics to systems that are many times denser than even the core of an atomic nucleus, one enters the realm of the physics of neutron stars and possibly quark stars, a topic that is intensively investigated with many ground-based and outer-space research missions as well as numerous theoretical works. By colliding two nuclei at very high ultra-relativistic energies one can create a fireball of extremely hot matter, reminiscent of the universe very shortly after the big bang, leading to a phase of melted hadrons and free quarks and gluons, the so-called quark-gluon plasma.

These studies tie up with effects of crucial importance in other fields. During the collision of heavy ions, electric fields of extreme strength are produced, potentially destabilizing the vacuum of the atomic physics system, subsequently leading to the decay of the vacuum state and the emission of positrons. In neutron stars the ultra-dense matter might support extremely high magnetic fields, far beyond anything that can be produced in the laboratory, significantly affecting the stellar properties.

At very high densities general relativity predicts the stellar collapse to a black hole. However, a number of current theoretical activities, modifying Einstein’s theory, point to possible alternative scenarios, where this collapse might be avoided.

These and related topics are addressed in this book in a series of highly readable chapters. In addition, the book includes fundamental analyses of the practicalities involved in transiting to an electricity supply mainly based on renewable energies, investigating this scenario less from an engineering and more from a physics point of view.

While the topics comprise a large scope of activities, the contributions also show an extensive overlap in the methodology and in the analytical and numerical tools involved in tackling these diverse research fields that are the forefront of modern science. 

Keywords

  • Superheavy Nuclei Physics
  • Exotic Nuclei Physics
  • Neutron rich Isotope
  • Neutron Star Nuclear Physics
  • Quark Star Nuclear Physics
  • Neutron Star Astrophysics
  • Relativistic Energy Nuclei
  • Quark Gluon Plasma
  • Ultra Dense Matter
  • Complex Energy Supply Grid
  • Analytical Numerical Tools Interdisciplinary

Editors and Affiliations

  • FIAS, Goethe University FIAS, Frankfurt, Germany

    Stefan Schramm

  • Frankfurt Inst. for Advanced Studies, FIAS Frankfurt Inst. for Advanced Studies, Frankfurt am Main, Germany

    Mirko Schäfer

About the editors

Prof. Dr. Stefan Schramm is teaching at the Institute of theoretical Physics at Frankfurt University and is member of the Frankfurt Institute of Advanced Studies (FIAS). His main research interests are: Models of Strongly Interacting Matter, Nuclear Astrophysics and Renewable Energies - Modeling the Grid. He is also co-author of the textbook Quantum Chromodynamics (Greiner, Schramm, Stein).

Mirko Schafer received his Diploma in physics from the University of Gießen in 2006. After a PhD in physics at the University of Frankfurt in 2011, he has been a Postdoctoral Researcher at the Department of Mathematics at Aarhus University and at the Frankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies. Since 2016 he is working as a Postdoctoral Fellow on complex networked systems and the system integration of renewable energy at the Department of Engineering at Aarhus University.

Bibliographic Information

Buying options

eBook USD 99.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-3-319-44165-8
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Softcover Book USD 129.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Hardcover Book USD 129.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)