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  • Book
  • Open Access
  • © 2022

Urinary Stents

Current State and Future Perspectives

  • This book is open access, which means that you have free and unlimited access

  • Shows how to reduce side effects associated with using stents

  • Covers the use of biodegradable stents and biofilms

  • Feature different surgical, pharmacological and palliative treatments currently available

Buying options

Softcover Book USD 49.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Hardcover Book USD 59.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)

Table of contents (35 chapters)

  1. Front Matter

    Pages i-xv
  2. Present and Future of Urinary Stents

    • Federico Soria
    Pages 1-4Open Access
  3. Indications, Complications and Side Effects of Ureteral Stents

    • Daniel Pérez-Fentes, Javier Aranda-Pérez, Julia E. de la Cruz, Federico Soria
    Pages 5-20Open Access
  4. Urethral Stents. Indications, Complications and Adverse Effects

    • Petra de Graaf, Daniel Yachia, Federico Soria, Duje Rako
    Pages 31-48Open Access
  5. Ureteral Stents. Impact on Patient’s Quality of Life

    • M. Bargues-Balanzá, G. Ordaz-Jurado, A. Budía-Alba, F. Boronat-Tormo
    Pages 49-58Open Access
  6. Strategies to Improve the Quality of Life of Stented Patients

    • E. Emiliani, A. K. Kanashiro, I. Girón-Nanne, O. Angerri-Feu
    Pages 59-71Open Access
  7. Use of Drugs to Reduce the Morbidity of Ureteral Stents

    • Milap Shah, B. M. Zeeshan Hameed, Amelia Pietropaolo, Bhaskar K. Somani
    Pages 73-84Open Access
  8. Ureteral Stent Designs to Reduce Stent-Related Symptoms and Improve Patient Quality of Life

    • Julia E. de la Cruz, Francisco M. Sánchez-Margallo, Federico Soria
    Pages 85-93Open Access
  9. Encrustation in Urinary Stents

    • Wolfgang Kram, Noor Buchholz, O. W. Hakenberg
    Pages 95-109Open Access
  10. Forgotten Ureteral Stent Syndrome

    • Cristina de la Encarnación Castellano, Àngela Canós Nebot, Juan Pablo Caballero Romeu, Federico Soria, Juan Antonio Galán Llopis
    Pages 111-123Open Access
  11. Endourological Management of Encrusted Ureteral Stents

    • Patrick Jones, Amelia Pietropaolo, Bhaskar K. Somani
    Pages 125-137Open Access
  12. Pediatric Ureteral Stents

    • Tariq Abbas, Tarek Ibrahim, Mohamed AbdelKareem, Mansour Ali
    Pages 139-148Open Access
  13. Flow Dynamics in Stented Ureter

    • Shaokai Zheng, Dario Carugo, Francesco Clavica, Ali Mosayyebi, Sarah Waters
    Pages 149-158Open Access
  14. Methodology for the Development and Validation of New Stent Designs: In Vitro and In Vivo Models

    • Wolfgang Kram, Julia E. de la Cruz, Owen Humphreys, Noor Buchholz, Federico Soria
    Pages 159-171Open Access
  15. Methodology on Clinical Evaluation of Urinary Stents

    • Maja Sofronievska Glavinov, Sotir Stavridis, Senad Bajramovic, Stefan Arsov
    Pages 173-185Open Access
  16. Biomaterials for Ureteral Stents: Advances and Future Perspectives

    • Margarida Pacheco, Joana M. Silva, Ivo M. Aroso, Estêvão Lima, Alexandre A. Barros, Rui L. Reis
    Pages 197-208Open Access
  17. Coatings for Urinary Stents: Current State and Future Directions

    • Beatriz Domingues, Joana M. Silva, Ivo M. Aroso, Estêvão Lima, Alexandre A. Barros, Rui L. Reis
    Pages 209-223Open Access
  18. Bacterial Adhesion and Biofilm Formation: Hydrodynamics Effects

    • Luciana C. Gomes, Rita Teixeira-Santos, Maria J. Romeu, Filipe J. Mergulhão
    Pages 225-243Open Access

About this book

This open access book provides a concise overview of a range of aspects related to urinary stents. Sections within the work cover clinical and recent technological advancements in the field. Chapters feature detailed coverage of the different surgical, pharmacological and palliative treatments currently available. Insight is also given on current limitations of urinary stents and how these can be overcome by utilizing anti-biofilm coatings; new biomaterials, drug-eluting stents, and biodegradable stents. Therefore, enabling the reader to systematically gain a detailed understanding of the subject.

Urinary Stents is a practical, multi-disciplinary focused resource on the complications and applications of ureteral, urethral and prostatic stents in day-to-day clinical practice. A vital read for all medical professionals and researchers who work in this area.


  • Urinary biomaterials
  • Coating stents
  • Antifouling
  • Hydrodynamics urinary tract
  • Bacterial adhesion
  • Open access
  • Open Access

Editors and Affiliations

  • Foundation, Jesús Usón Minimally Invasive Surgery Center, Cáceres, Spain

    Federico Soria

  • Croatia PolyClinic, Zagreb, Croatia

    Duje Rako

  • University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands

    Petra de Graaf

About the editors

Dr Federico Soria. Endourology Research Coordinator in Jesus Usón Minimally Invasive Surgery Centre Foundation, Cáceres, Spain. Principal Inventor in 3 patents about Ureteral stents. Involvement in more than 20 research projects in urinary stents innovation as main proponent and Principal researcher, competitive funds (1999-2020). Chairman (2017-2021) Cost Action (CA16217). European network of multidisciplinary research to improve the urinary stents (European Cooperation in Science and Technology. Brussels-Belgium). 

Dr Duje Rako, MD, FEBU is consultant urological surgeon working in private practice at present with previous posts in University Hospital Dubrava, Zagreb, Croatia and Countess of Chester NHS Foundation Trust, Manchester, UK. He hreceived his MD title from Zagreb university School of Medicine in 2006, passed urology qualification in 2013 and FEBU exam in 2015. He has considerable experience in open cancer surgery and all endoscopic procedures for stones and urogenital tumors with special interest in stone disease and endoscopy. 

Prof. Dr. Petra deGraaf is an Assistant Professor at the Urology department in the University Medical Center at Utrecht, The Netherlands. Her current research goal is to generate a tissue engineered (TE) source of urethra tissue for use in urethral reconstruction. Ideally, a TE urethra mimics the native urethra, consists of multiple cell layers of different origin, protects the underlying tissue as an efficient barrier from urine, is vascularized and resistant to mechanical forces during surgery. As in many patients undergoing urethral reconstruction surgery, the surrounding corpus spongiosum is either absent (in hypospadias patients) or affected by fibrosis. By aiming to integrate the corpus spongiosum in the TE graft, a natural vascular environment is provided. Dr deGraaf's molecular background helps to bring the science to life: experience and knowledge acquired through the years will lead to solutions for health and disease.

Bibliographic Information

  • Book Title: Urinary Stents

  • Book Subtitle: Current State and Future Perspectives

  • Editors: Federico Soria, Duje Rako, Petra de Graaf

  • DOI:

  • Publisher: Springer Cham

  • eBook Packages: Medicine, Medicine (R0)

  • Copyright Information: The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s) 2022

  • License: CC BY

  • Hardcover ISBN: 978-3-031-04483-0Published: 21 August 2022

  • Softcover ISBN: 978-3-031-04486-1Published: 21 August 2022

  • eBook ISBN: 978-3-031-04484-7Published: 20 August 2022

  • Edition Number: 1

  • Number of Pages: XV, 457

  • Number of Illustrations: 11 b/w illustrations, 67 illustrations in colour

  • Topics: Urological Surgery, Surgery

Buying options

Softcover Book USD 49.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Hardcover Book USD 59.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)