Skip to main content
  • Book
  • Open Access
  • © 2022

Microplastic in the Environment: Pattern and Process


  • This book is open access which means that you have free and unlimited access

  • This interdisciplinary volume covers the state of the science and policy of plastic pollution in the environment

  • Global experts present information in an accessible way

  • This book will allow readers from diverse backgrounds to develop a solid foundation on the topic of plastic pollution

Part of the book series: Environmental Contamination Remediation and Management (ENCRMA)

Buying options

Softcover Book USD 49.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Hardcover Book USD 59.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)

Table of contents (11 chapters)

  1. Front Matter

    Pages i-xv
  2. The Microplastic Cycle: An Introduction to a Complex Issue

    • Michael S. Bank, Sophia V. Hansson
    Pages 1-16Open Access
  3. Analytical Chemistry of Plastic Debris: Sampling, Methods, and Instrumentation

    • Robert C. Hale, Meredith E. Seeley, Ashley E. King, Lehuan H. Yu
    Pages 17-67Open Access
  4. Evaluating Microplastic Experimental Design and Exposure Studies in Aquatic Organisms

    • Puspa L. Adhikari, Wokil Bam, Pamela L. Campbell, Francois Oberhaensli, Marc Metian, Marc Besson et al.
    Pages 69-85Open Access
  5. Microplastics in Terrestrial and Freshwater Environments

    • Emilie M. F. Kallenbach, Elisabeth S. Rødland, Nina T. Buenaventura, Rachel Hurley
    Pages 87-130Open Access
  6. Marine Microplastics and Seafood: Implications for Food Security

    • Anne-Katrine Lundebye, Amy L. Lusher, Michael S. Bank
    Pages 131-153Open Access
  7. Weight of Evidence for the Microplastic Vector Effect in the Context of Chemical Risk Assessment

    • Albert A. Koelmans, Noël J. Diepens, Nur Hazimah Mohamed Nor
    Pages 155-197Open Access
  8. Ecotoxicological Impacts of Micro- and Nanoplastics in Terrestrial and Aquatic Environments

    • Tânia Gomes, Agathe Bour, Claire Coutris, Ana Catarina Almeida, Inger Lise Bråte, Raoul Wolf et al.
    Pages 199-260Open Access
  9. The Microplastic-Antibiotic Resistance Connection

    • Nachiket P. Marathe, Michael S. Bank
    Pages 311-322Open Access
  10. Back Matter

    Pages 353-354

About this book

This open access book examines global plastic pollution, an issue that has become a critical societal challenge with implications for environmental and public health. This volume provides a comprehensive, holistic analysis on the plastic cycle and its subsequent effects on biota, food security, and human exposure. Importantly, global environmental change and its associated, systems-level processes, including atmospheric deposition, ecosystem complexity, UV exposure, wind patterns, water stratification, ocean circulation, etc., are all important direct and indirect factors governing the fate, transport and biotic and abiotic processing of plastic particles across ecosystem types. Furthermore, the distribution of plastic in the ocean is not independent of terrestrial ecosystem dynamics, since much of the plastic in marine ecosystems originates from land and should therefore be evaluated in the context of the larger plastic cycle. Changes in species size, distribution, habitat, and food web complexity, due to global environmental change, will likely alter trophic transfer dynamics and the ecological effects of nano- and microplastics. The fate and transport dynamics of plastic particles are influenced by their size, form, shape, polymer type, additives, and overall ecosystem conditions. In addition to the risks that plastics pose to the total environment, the potential impacts on human health and exposure routes, including seafood consumption, and air and drinking water need to be assessed in a comprehensive and quantitative manner. Here I present a holistic and interdisciplinary book volume designed to advance the understanding of plastic cycling in the environment with an emphasis on sources, fate and transport, ecotoxicology, climate change effects, food security, microbiology, sustainability, human exposure and public policy.


  • biomonitoring of plastic particles
  • exotoxicology of plastic pollution
  • plastic debris
  • microplastics
  • nanoplastics
  • environmental health
  • wastewater management
  • open access

Editors and Affiliations

  • Institute of Marine Research, Bergen, Norway

    Michael S. Bank

About the editor

Dr. Michael S. Bank is a Senior Scientist at the Institute of Marine Research in Bergen, Norway. Michael also holds an appointment as an Adjunct Associate Professor of Contaminants and Complex Systems at the University of Massachusetts Amherst in USA. Michael serves on several expert committees and does advising on contaminants for several international environmental agencies.

Bibliographic Information

Buying options

Softcover Book USD 49.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Hardcover Book USD 59.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)