Advances in Materials Characterization

  • David R. Rossington
  • Robert A. Condrate
  • Robert L. Snyder

Part of the Materials Science Research book series (MSR, volume 15)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xi
  2. Surface Spectroscopy

  3. Surface Techniques

    1. S. Lowell, J. E. Shields
      Pages 133-146
    2. O. J. Whittemore, G. D. Halsey
      Pages 147-157
  4. Vibrational Spectroscopic Techniques

    1. D. R. Clarke, F. Adar
      Pages 199-214
    2. Fran Adar, R. E. Kvaas, D. R. Rhiger
      Pages 215-221
    3. I. N. Chakraborty, R. A. Condrate Sr.
      Pages 223-237
    4. B. C. Cornilsen, E. F. Funkenbusch, C. P. Clarke, P. Singh, V. Lorprayoon
      Pages 239-248
    5. J. R. Kirtley, J. C. Tsang, Ph. Avouris, Y. Thefaine
      Pages 249-266
    6. C. Lowe-Ma
      Pages 267-279
  5. Electron Optical Methods

    1. K. J. Morrissey, C. B. Carter
      Pages 297-307
    2. M. P. Harmer, S. J. Bennison, C. Narayan
      Pages 309-320

About this book

Introduction

The characterization of materials and phenomena has historically been the principal limitation to the development in each area of science. Once what we are observing is well defined, a theoretical analysis rapidly follows. Modern theories of chemical bonding did not evolve until the methods of analytical chemistry had progressed to a point where the bulk stoichiometry of chemical compounds was firmly established. The great progress made during this century in understanding chemistry has followed directly from the development of an analytical chemistry based on the Dalton assumption of multiple proportions. It has only become apparent in recent years that the extension of our understanding of materials hinges on their non-stoichiometric nature. The world of non-Daltonian chemistry is very poorly understood at present because of our lack of ability to precisely characterize it. The emergence of materials science has only just occurred with our recognition of effects, which have been thought previously to be minor variations from ideality, as the principal phenomena controlling properties. The next step in the historical evolution of materials science must be the development of tools to characterize the often subtle phenomena which determine properties of materials. The various discussions of instrumental techniques presented in this book are excellent summaries for the state-of-the-art of materials characterization at this rather critical stage of materials science. The application of the tools described here, and those yet to be developed, holds the key to the development of this infant into a mature science.

Keywords

X-ray analytical chemistry ceramics chemistry controlling electron microscopy glass materials materials characterization materials science metals microscopy nature semiconductors spectroscopy

Editors and affiliations

  • David R. Rossington
    • 1
  • Robert A. Condrate
    • 1
  • Robert L. Snyder
    • 1
  1. 1.New York State College of CeramicsAlfred UniversityAlfredUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4615-8339-4
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag US 1983
  • Publisher Name Springer, Boston, MA
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-1-4615-8341-7
  • Online ISBN 978-1-4615-8339-4
  • About this book