Handbook of Sustainable Travel

  • Tommy Gärling
  • Dick Ettema
  • Margareta Friman

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xvi
  2. Introduction

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Dick Ettema, Margareta Friman, Tommy Gärling
      Pages 3-14
    3. Lotta Frändberg, Bertil Vilhelmson
      Pages 15-32
    4. Soora Rasouli, Harry J. P. Timmermans
      Pages 33-52
    5. Maya Abou-Zeid, Moshe Ben-Akiva
      Pages 53-65
  3. Car Use

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 67-67
    2. Bert van Wee
      Pages 69-83
    3. Birgitta Gatersleben
      Pages 85-94
    4. Peter Bonsall, Luis Willumsen
      Pages 95-111
    5. John Thøgersen
      Pages 113-129
  4. Travel and Social Sustainability

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 163-163
    2. John Stanley, Janet Stanley
      Pages 165-184
    3. Jeroen Nawijn, Paul Peeters
      Pages 185-197
    4. Susan Handy
      Pages 199-214
    5. Anne Aguiléra
      Pages 215-227
  5. Future Sustainable Travel

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 229-229
    2. Bert van Wee, Susan Handy
      Pages 231-242
    3. Robin Hickman, David Banister, Jian Liu, Jimin Zhao
      Pages 243-255
    4. David A. Hensher, Corinne Mulley, Zheng Li
      Pages 257-276
    5. Christina Bernardo, Chandra Bhat
      Pages 277-291
    6. Tommy Gärling, Dick Ettema, Margareta Friman
      Pages 307-317
  6. Back Matter
    Pages 319-341

About this book


This volume gathers distinguished researchers on travel behavior from a variety of disciplines, to offer state-of-the-art research and analysis encompassing environmental, traffic and transport psychology; transport planning and engineering; transport geography; transport economics; consumer services research; environmental sociology and well-being research. The underlying dilemma is that neither contemporary transportation technology nor contemporary travel behaviors are sustainable. The path toward sustainability is complex, because the consequences of changing technology and attempts to change travel preferences can be extreme both in economic and in social terms. The Handbook of Sustainable Travel discusses transportation systems from environmental, social and economic perspectives, to provide insights into the underlying mechanisms, and to envisage potential strategies towards more sustainable travel. Part I offers an introduction to the subject, with chapters review historical and future trends in travel, the role of travel for a good society, and the satisfaction of travelers with various features of travel options. Part II proceeds from the fact that the car is the backbone of today’s transportation system, and that a break with automobiles is likely to be necessary in the future. Contributors review the development of private car use, explore economic and psychological reasons why the car has become the primary mode of transport and discuss how this can be changed in the future. Part III addresses the social sustainability of travel, providing insights into the social costs and benefits of leisure, business and health travel, and taking into account the social costs or benefits of measures whose goals are primarily environmental. The authors provide the necessary background to judge whether proposed transport policies are also sustainable from a social perspective. Part IV highlights future alternatives to physical travel and surveys ecologically sustainable travel modes such as public transport and non-motorized modes of transportation.


Mobility trends Personal and business travel Sustainable transportation Transportation policy Transportation system

Editors and affiliations

  • Tommy Gärling
    • 1
  • Dick Ettema
    • 2
  • Margareta Friman
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of GothenburgGöteborgSweden
  2. 2.Faculty of GeosciencesUtrecht UniversityUtrechtThe Netherlands
  3. 3.SAMOT/CTFKarlstad UniversityKarlstadSweden

Bibliographic information