López-Contreras MJ, Torralba C, Zamora S, Pérez-Llamas F. Nutrition and prevalence of undernutrition assessed by different diagnostic criteria in nursing homes for elderly people. J Hum Nutr Diet. 2012;25(3):239–46.
Boström AM, Van Soest D, Kolewaski B, Milke DL, Estabrooks CA. Nutrition status among residents living in a veterans’ long-term facility in Western Canada: a pilot study. J Am Med Dir Assoc. 2011;12(3):217–25.
Bell CL, Tamura BK, Masaki KH, Amella EJ. Prevalence and measures of nutritional compromise among nursing home patients: weight loss, low body mass index, malnutrition, and feeding dependency. A systematic review of the literature. J Am Med Dir Assoc. 2013;14:94–100.
Wendland BE, Greenwood CE, Weinberg I, Young KWH. Malnutrition in institutionalized seniors: the iatrogenic component. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2003;51:85–90.
Parrott MD, Young KWH, Greenwood CE. Energy-containing nutritional supplements can affect usual energy intake post supplementation in institutionalized seniors with probable Alzheimer’s disease. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2006;54:1382–7.
Greenwood CE, Tam C, Chan M, Young KWH, Binns MA, van Reekum R. Behavioral disturbances, not cognitive deterioration, are associated with altered food selection in seniors with Alzheimer’s disease. J Geront Med Sci. 2005;60A(4):499–505.
Lengyel CO, Whiting SJ, Zello GA. Nutrient inadequacies among elderly residents of long-term care facilities. Can J Diet Pract Res. 2008;69(2):82–8.
Mesquita AF, da Silva EC, Eickemberg M. Carneiro Roriz Jairza AK, Barreto-Medeiros M, Barbosa Ramos L. factors associated with sarcopenia in institutionalized elderly. Nutr Hosp. 2017;34(2):345–51.
Kawakami R, Murakami H, Sanada K, Tanaka N, Sawada SS, Tabata I, et al. Calf circumference as a surrogate marker of muscle mass for diagnosing sarcopenia in Japanese men and women. Geriatr Gerontol Int. 2015;15:969–76.
Rolland Y, Lauwers-Cances V, Cournot M, Nourhashémi F, Reynish W, Rivière D, et al. Sarcopenia, calf circumference, and physical function of elderly women: a cross-sectional study. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2003;51:1120–4.
Landi F, Onder G, Russo A, Liperoti R, Tosato M, Martone AM, et al. Calf circumference, frailty and physical performance among older adults living in the community. Clin Nutr. 2014;33:539–44.
Liu G, Lu L, Sun Q, Ye X, Sun L, Liu X, et al. Poor vitamin D status is prospectively associated with greater muscle mass loss in middle-aged and elderly Chinese individuals. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2014 Oct;114(10):1544–51.
Park S, Ham JO, Lee BK. A positive association of vitamin D deficiency and sarcopenia in 50 year old women, but not men. Clin Nutr. 2014;33:900–5.
Dupuy C, Lauwers-Cances V, van Kan GA, Gillette S, Schott AM, Beauchet O, et al. Dietary vitamin D intake and muscle mass in older women. Results from a cross-sectional analysis of the EPIDOS study. J Nutr Health Aging. 2013;17(2):119–24.
Mastaglia SR, Seijo M, Muzio D, Somoza J, Nuñez M, Oliveri B. Effect of vitamin D nutritional status on muscle function and strength in healthy women aged over sixty-five years. J Nutr Health Aging. 2011;15(5):349–54.
Vucea V, Keller HH, Morrison JM, Duncan AM, Duizer LM, Carrier N, et al. Nutritional quality of regular and pureed menus in Canadian long term care homes: an analysis of the making the Most of mealtimes (M3) project. BMC Nutr. 2017. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40795-017-0198-3.
Dahl WJ, Whiting SJ, Tyler RT. Protein content of pureed diets: implications for planning. Can J Diet Pract Res. 2007;68:99–102.
Keller H, Carrier N, Duizer L, Lengyel C, Slaughter S, Steele C. Making the most of mealtimes (M3): grounding mealtime interventions with a conceptual model. J Am Med Dir Assoc. 2014;15:158–61.
Abdelhamid A, Bunn D, Copley M, Cowap V, Dickinson A, Gray L, et al. Effectiveness of interventions to directly support food and drink intake in people with dementia: systematic review and meta-analysis. BMC Geriatr. 2016. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12877-016-0196-3.
Lee KM, Song JA. Factors influencing the degree of eating ability among people with Dementia. J Clin Nurs. 2015;24:1707–17.
Chang CC, Roberts BL. Malnutrition and feeding difficulty in Taiwanese older with dementia. J Clin Nurs. 2011;20:2153–61.
Chang CC, Roberts BL. Feeding difficulty in older adults with dementia. J Clin Nurs. 2008;17:2266–74.
Lin LC, Watson R, Lee YC, Chou YC, Wu SC. Edinburgh feeding evaluation in dementia (EdFED) scale: cross-cultural validation of the Chinese version. J Adv Nurs. 2008;62:116–23.
Cawood AL, Elia M, Stratton RJ. Systematic review and meta-analysis of the effects of high protein oral nutritional supplements. Ageing Res Rev. 2012;11(2):278–96.
Simmons SF, Zhu X, Keller E. Cost-effectiveness of nutrition interventions in nursing home residents: a pilot intervention. J Nutr Health Aging. 2010;14(5):367–72.
Keller HH, Lengyel C, Carrier N, Slaughter SE, Morrison J, Duncan AM, et al. Prevalence of inadequate micronutrient intakes of Canadian long-term care residents. BJN. 2018;119(9):1047–56.
Keller HH, Carrier N, Slaughter S, Lengyel C, Steele CM, Duizer L, et al. Making the Most of mealtimes (M3): protocol of a multi-Centre cross-sectional study of food intake and its determinants in older adults living in long term care homes. BMC Geriatr. 2017. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12877-016-0401-4.
Cichero JA, Lam P, Steele CM, Hanson B, Chen J, Dantas RO, et al. Development of international terminology and definitions for texture-modified foods and thickened fluids used in dysphagia management: the IDDSI framework. Dysphagia. 2016;2:1–22.
Hirdes JP, Ljunggren G, Morris JN, Frijters DHM, Soveri HF, Gray L, et al. Reliability of the interRAI suite of assessment instruments: a 12 –country study of an integrated health information system. BMC Health Serv Res. 2008. https://doi.org/10.1186/1472-6963-8-277.
Isenring EA, Banks M, Ferguson M, Bauer JD. Beyond malnutrition screening: appropriate methods to guide nutrition care for aged care residents. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2012 Mar;112(3):376–81.
Guigoz Y. The mini-nutritional assessment (MNA®) review of the literature - what does it tell us? J Nutr Health Aging. 2006;10:466–87.
Bauer J, Capra S, Ferguson M. Use of the scored patient-generated subjective global assessment (PG-SGA) as a nutrition assessment tool in patients with cancer. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2002;56:779–85.
Watson R, Deary IJ. Feeding difficulty in elderly patients with dementia: confirmatory factor analysis. Int J Nurs Stud. 1997;34(6):405–14.
Kant AK. Indexes of overall diet quality: a review. J Am Diet Assoc. 1996;96:785–91.
Keller H, Vucea V, Slaughter SE, Jager-Wittenaar H, Lengyel C, Ottery FD, Carrier N. Prevalence of malnutrition or risk in residents in long term care: comparison of four tools. J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr. 2019:1–17.
Simmons SF, Keeler E, Zhuo X, Hickey KA, Sato HW, Schnelle JF. Prevention of unintentional weight loss in nursing home residents: a controlled trial of feeding assistance. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2008;56:1466–73.
Wong A, Burford S, Wyles CL, Mundy H, Sainsbury R. Evaluation of strategies to improve nutrition in people with dementia in an assessment unit. J Nutr Health Aging. 2008;12:309–12.
Keller HH, Carrier N, Slaughter SE, Lengyel C, Steele CM, Duizer L, et al. Prevalence and determinants of poor food intake of residents living in long-term care. J Am Med Dir Assoc. 2017;18(11):941–7.
Strathmann S, Lesser S, Bai-Habelski J, Overzier S, Paker-Eichelkraut HS, Stehle P, et al. Institutional factors associated with the nutritional status of residents from 10 German nursing homes (ERNSTES study). J Nutr Health Aging. 2013;17(3):271–6.
Lammes E, Törner A, Akner G. Nutrient density and variation in nutrient intake with changing energy intake in multimorbid nursing home residents. J Hum Nutr Diet. 2009;22:210–8.
Klurfeld DM. Use of DRIs in Federal Nutrition Programs. USDA Agricultural Research Service 2017. www.nationalacademies.org/hmd/~/media/Files/Activity%20Files/Nutrition/Framework%20DRI/10_Klurfeld-Use%20of%20DRIs%20in%20Federal%20Nutrition%20Programs-Jan%202017.pdf
Bonjour JP, Benoit V, Payen F, Kraenzlin M. Consumption of yogurts fortified in vitamin D and calcium reduces serum parathyroid hormone and markers of bone resorption: a double-blind randomized controlled trial in institutionalized elderly women. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2013;98:e2915–21.
Mocanu V, Stitt PA, Costan AR, Voroniuc O, Zbranca E, Luca V, et al. Long-term effects of giving nursing home residents bread fortified with 125 microg (5000 IU) vitamin D3 per daily serving. Am J Clin Nutr. 2009;89:1132–7.
Adolphe JL, Whiting SJ, Dahl WJ. Vitamin fortification of puréed foods for long term care residents. Can J Diet Pract Res. 2009;70:143–50.
Ontario Long Term Care Action Group. Best practices for nutrition, food service and dining in long term care homes. 2019. https://www.dietitians.ca/Downloads/Public/Dietitians%2D%2DViews/2019-Dietitians-of-Canada-Best-Practices-for-Nutri.aspx
Lam IT, Keller HH, Duizer L, Stark K. Micronutrients on the menu: enhancing the quality of food in long-term Care for Regular, nontherapeutic menus. Can J Diet Pract Res. 2015;76:1–7.
Lam IT, Keller HH, Pfisterer K, Duizer L, Stark K, Duncan AM. Micronutrient food fortification for residential care: a scoping review of current interventions. J Am Med Dir Assoc. 2016;17(7):588–95.