American Psychiatric Association: Practice guideline for major depressive disorder in adults. Am J Psychiatry. 1993, 150 (Suppl 4): 1-26.
Mathers CD, Loncar D: Projections of global mortality and burden of disease from 2002 to 2030. PLoS Med. 2006, 3: e442-e512. 10.1371/journal.pmed.0030442.
American Psychiatric Association: DSM-IV: Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. 1994, Washington DC, 4
Cole MG, Dendukuri N: Risk factors for depression among elderly community subjects: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Am J Psychiatry. 2003, 160: 1147-1156. 10.1176/appi.ajp.160.6.1147.
Radloff LS: The CES-D scale: a self report depression scale for research in the general population. Appl Psychol Meas. 1977, 1: 385-401. 10.1177/014662167700100306.
Kennedy GJ, Kelman HR, Thomas C, Wisniewski W, Metz H, Bijur PE: Hierarchy of characteristics associated with depressive symptoms in an urban elderly sample. Am J Psychiatry. 1989, 146: 220-225.
Kennedy GJ, Kelman HR, Thomas C: The emergence of depressive symptoms in late life: the importance of declining health and increasing disability. J Community Health. 1990, 15: 93-104. 10.1007/BF01321314.
Harlow SD, Goldberg EL, Comstock GW: A longitudinal study of risk factors for depressive symptomatology in elderly widowed and married women. Am J Epidemiol. 1991, 134: 526-538.
Roberts RE, Shema SJ, Kaplan GA, Strawbridge WJ: Sleep complaints and depression in an aging cohort: a prospective perspective. Am J Psychiatry. 2000, 157: 81-88.
Kivela SL, Kongas-Saviard P, Kimmo P, Kesti E, Laippala P: Health, health behaviour and functional ability predicting depression in old age: a longitudinal study. Int J Geriatr Psychiatry. 1996, 11: 871-877. 10.1002/(SICI)1099-1166(199610)11:10<871::AID-GPS396>3.0.CO;2-6.
Masuchi A, Kishi R: A review of epidemiological studies on the relationship of social networks and support to depressive symptoms in the elderly. Nippon Koshu Eisei Zasshi. 2001, 48: 435-448.
Ministry of Health, Labour, and Welfare, Japan: White Paper on the Labour Economy. 2004, Tokyo
Miyaji NT, Higashi A, Ozasa K, Watanabe Y, Aoike A, Kawai K: Depression, health status and lifestyles of residents of a rural community. Nippon Koshu Eisei Zasshi. 1994, 41: 452-460.
Kawakami N, Haratani T, Kaneko T, Koizumi A: Relationship between health practices and depressive mood among industrial workers. Sangyo Igaku. 1987, 29: 55-63.
Zung WWK: A self-rating depression scale. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1965, 12: 63-70.
Ohta A, Aoki S, Takeuchi K, Yosiaki S, Suzuki S: Lifestyle and sociodemographic risk factors for death among middle-aged and elderly residents in Japan from a five-year follow-up cohort study. J Epidemiol. 2001, 11: 51-60.
Iwasaki M, Otani T, Sunaga R, Miyazaki H, Xiao L, Wang N, Yosiaki S, Suzuki S: Social networks and mortality based on the Komo-Ise cohort study in Japan. Int J Epidemiol. 2002, 31: 1208-1218. 10.1093/ije/31.6.1208.
Suzuki S, Roberts RE: Methods and applications in mental health surveys. Todai Health Index. 1991, Tokyo: University of Tokyo Press
Strawbridge WJ, Deleger S, Roberts RE, Kaplan GA: Physical activity reduces the risk of subsequent depression for older adults. Am J Epidemiol. 2002, 156: 328-334. 10.1093/aje/kwf047.
Spitzer RW, Williams JB, Kroenke K, Linzer M, deGruy FV, Hahn SR, Brody D, Johnson JG: Utility of a new procedure for diagnosing mental disorders in primary care: The PRIME-MD 1000 study. JAMA. 1994, 272: 1749-1756. 10.1001/jama.272.22.1749.
Roberts RE, Kaplan GA, Shema SJ, Strawbridge WJ: Does growing old increase the risk for depression?. Am J Psychiatry. 1997, 154: 1387-1390.
Roberts RE, Kaplan GA, Shema SJ, Strawbridge WJ: Prevalence and correlates of depression in an aging cohort: the Alameda County Study. J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci. 1997, 52: S252-S258.
Roberts RE, Strawbridge WJ, Kaplan GA: Are the fat more jolly?. Ann Behav Med. 2002, 24: 169-180. 10.1207/S15324796ABM2403_02.
Hartmann E, Baekeland F, Zwilling G, Hoy P: Sleep need: how much sleep and what kind?. Am J Psychiatry. 1971, 127: 1001-1008.
Kawada T, Suzuki S, Kubota F, Ohnishi N, Satoh K: Content and cross validity of the Todai Health Index depression scale in relation to the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale and the Zung Self-rating Depression Scale. J Occup Health. 1994, 41: 154-159. 10.1539/joh.41.154.
Weissman MM, Klerman GL: Sex difference and the epidemiology of depression. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1977, 34: 98-111.
Kroenke K, Spitzer RL: Gender differences in the reporting of physical and somatoform symptoms. Psychosoma Med. 1998, 60: 150-155.
Carpenter KM, Hasin DS, Allison DB, Faith MS: Relationships between obesity and DSM-IV major depressive disorders, suicide ideation, and suicide attempts: results from a general population study. Am J Public Health. 2000, 90: 251-257. 10.2105/AJPH.90.2.251.
Crisp AH, McGuiness B: Jolly fat: relation between obesity and psychoneurosis in general population. Br Med J. 1976, 1: 7-9. 10.1136/bmj.1.6000.7.
Palinkas LA, Wingard DL, Barrett-Connor E: Depressive symptoms in overweight and obese older adults: a test of the "jolly fat" hypothesis. J Psychosom Res. 1996, 40: 59-66. 10.1016/0022-3999(95)00542-0.
De Wit L, Luppino F, van Straten A, Penninx B, Zitman F, Cuijpers P: Depression and obesity: a meta-analysis of community-based studies. Psychiatry Res. 2010, 178: 230-235. 10.1016/j.psychres.2009.04.015.
Luppino FS, de Wit LM, Bouvy PF, Stijnen T, Cuijpers P, Penninx BW, Zitman FG: Overweight, obesity, and depression: a systematic review and meta-analysis of longitudinal studies. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2010, 67: 220-229. 10.1001/archgenpsychiatry.2010.2.
Ford DE, Kamerow DB: Epidemiologic study of sleep disturbances and psychiatric disorders. An opportunity for prevention?. JAMA. 1989, 262: 1479-1484. 10.1001/jama.262.11.1479.
Breslau N, Roth T, Rosenthal L, Andreski P: Sleep disturbance and psychiatric disorders: a longitudinal epidemiological study of young adults. Biol Psychiatry. 1996, 39: 411-418. 10.1016/0006-3223(95)00188-3.
Anda R, Williamson D, Escobedo L, Mast E, Giovino G, Remington P: Depression and the dynamics of smoking: a national perspective. JAMA. 1990, 264: 1541-1545. 10.1001/jama.264.12.1541.
Glassman AH, Helzer JE, Covey LS, Cottler LB, Stetner F, Tipp JE, Johnson J: Smoking, smoking cessation, and major depression. JAMA. 1990, 264: 1546-1549. 10.1001/jama.264.12.1546.
Kendler K, Neale M, Maclean C, Heath A, Eaves L, Lessler R: Smoking and major depression: a causal analysis. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1993, 50: 36-43.
Covey L, Glassman AH, Stetner F: Cigarette smoking and major depression. J Addict Dis. 1998, 17: 35-46. 10.1300/J069v17n01_04.
Breslau N, Peterson EL, Schultz LR, Chilcoat HD, Andreski P: Major depression and stages of smoking. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1998, 55: 161-166. 10.1001/archpsyc.55.2.161.
Benjet C, Wagner FA, Borges GG, Medina-Mora ME: The relationship of tobacco smoking with depressive symptomatology in the Third Mexican National Addictions. Psychol Med. 2004, 34: 881-888. 10.1017/S0033291703001600.
Mino Y, Shigemi J, Otsu T, Ohta A, Tsuda T, Yasuda N, Babazono A, Yamamoto E: Smoking and mental health: cross-sectional and cohort studies in an occupational setting in Japan. Prev Med. 2001, 32: 371-375. 10.1006/pmed.2000.0803.
Regier D, Farmer M, Rae D, Locke B, Keith S, Judd L, Goodwin F: Comorbidity of mental disorders with alcohol and other drug abuse: results from the Epidemiologic Catchment Area (ECA) study. JAMA. 1990, 264: 2511-2518. 10.1001/jama.264.19.2511.
Kessler RC, McGonagle KA, Zhao S, Nelson C, Hughes M, Kendler K: Lifetime and 12-mouth prevalence of DSM-III-R psychiatric disorders in the United States: results from the National Comorbidity Survey. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1994, 51: 8-19.
Swendsen JD, Merikangas KR: The comorbidity of depression and substance use disorders. Clin Psychol Rev. 2000, 20: 173-189. 10.1016/S0272-7358(99)00026-4.
Haynes JC, Farrell M, Singleton N, Meltzer H, Araya R, Lewis G, Wiles NJ: Alcohol consumption as a risk factor for anxiety and depression: results from the longitudinal follow-up of the National Psychiatric Morbidity Survey. Br J Psychiatry. 2005, 187: 544-551. 10.1192/bjp.187.6.544.
Camacho TC, Roberts RE, Lazarus NB, Kaplan GA, Cohen RD: Physical activity and depression: evidence from the Alameda County Study. Am J Epidemiol. 1991, 134: 220-231.
Lampinen P, Heikkinen RL, Ruoppila I: Changes in intensity of physical exercise as predictors of depressive symptoms among older adults: an eight-year follow-up. Prev Med. 2000, 30: 371-380. 10.1006/pmed.2000.0641.
Blumenthal JA, Babyak MA, Doraiswamy PM, Watkins L, Hoffman BM, Barbour KA, Herman S, Craighead WE, Brosse AL, Waugh R, Hinderliter A, Sherwood A: Exercise and pharmacotherapy in the treatment of major depressive disorder. Psychosom Med. 2007, 69: 587-596. 10.1097/PSY.0b013e318148c19a.
Ohta M, Mizoue T, Mishima N, Ikeda M: Effect of the physical activities in leisure time and commuting to work on mental health. J Occup Health. 2007, 49: 46-52. 10.1539/joh.49.46.
Teychenne M, Ball K, Salmon J: Physical activity and likelihood of depression in adults: a review. Prev Med. 2008, 46: 397-411. 10.1016/j.ypmed.2008.01.009.
Wong SY, Chan D, Leung PC: Depressive symptoms in middle-aged men: Results from a household survey in Hong Kong. J Affect Disord. 2006, 92: 215-220. 10.1016/j.jad.2006.01.027.