Petroleum Chemistry

, Volume 56, Issue 11, pp 1085–1092 | Cite as

Cellulose composite membranes for nanofiltration of aprotic solvents

  • T. S. AnokhinaEmail author
  • A. A. Yushkin
  • I. S. Makarov
  • V. Ya. Ignatenko
  • A. V. Kostyuk
  • S. V. Antonov
  • A. V. Volkov


Cellulose composite membranes have been fabricated by casting a cellulose solution in N-methylmorpholine oxide on a nonwoven polyester support. The membranes have been tested for nanofiltration of aprotic solvents. The solvent permeability has changed from 0.11 ± 0.02 to 2.5 ± 0.4 kg/(m2 h bar) in the following order: DMSO > NMP > DMFA > THF > acetone, which can be attributed to a decrease in viscosity of the fluids. The rejection of the anionic dyes Orange II (MW 350) and Remazol Brilliant Blue R (MW 626) has been found to range within 15–85% and 42–94%, respectively, on the solvent nature. Sorption experiments have revealed a noticeable difference between certain solvents in interaction with the membrane material: a lower degree of cellulose swelling in THF (37%) and a higher degree in DMSO (230%). In addition, it has been found that the rejection of solutes by the composite membranes correlates with the degree of cellulose swelling. A rejection of ≥90% has been achieved for Remazol Brilliant Blue R, which has the larger molecule, at a cellulose swelling ratio of 100% or higher. Thus, it has been concluded that polymer swelling leads to narrowing the porous structure of the cellulose layer of the composite membrane and, hence, improvement in separation parameters.


cellulose N-methylmorpholine N-oxide composite membranes organic solvent nanofiltration aprotic solvents 


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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. S. Anokhina
    • 1
    Email author
  • A. A. Yushkin
    • 1
  • I. S. Makarov
    • 1
  • V. Ya. Ignatenko
    • 1
  • A. V. Kostyuk
    • 1
  • S. V. Antonov
    • 1
  • A. V. Volkov
    • 1
  1. 1.Topchiev Institute of Petrochemical SynthesisRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

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