Skip to main content

Residual stress variation in SiCf/SiC composite during heat treatment and its effects on mechanical behavior

Abstract

Residual stress originated from thermal expansion mismatch determines the mechanical properties of ceramic matrix composites (CMCs). Here, continuous SiC fiber reinforced SiC matrix (SiCf/SiC) composites were fabricated by nano-infiltration and transient eutectic-phase (NITE) method, and the residual stress of the composites was investigated using high-temperature Raman spectrometer. With temperature increasing from room temperature to 1400 °C, the residual stresses of the matrix and the fiber decrease from 1.29 to 0.62 GPa and from 0.84 to 0.55 GPa in compression respectively, while that of the interphase decreases from 0.16 to 0.10 GPa in tension. The variation of residual stress shows little effect on the tensile strength of the composites, while causes a slight decrease in the tensile strain. The suppression of fiber/matrix debonding and fiber pulling-out caused by the residual stress reduction in the interphase is responsible for the decreasing tensile strain. This work can open up new alternatives for residual stress analysis in CMCs.

References

  1. Gyekenyesi AL, Morscher GN. Damage progression and stress redistribution in notched SiC/SiC composites. J Mater Eng Perform 2010, 19: 1298–1305.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Mei H. Measurement and calculation of thermal residual stress in fiber reinforced ceramic matrix composites. Compos Sci Technol 2008, 68: 3285–3292.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  3. Ma HB, Zhang GJ, Liu HL, et al. Effect of WC or ZrC addition on thermal residual stresses in ZrB2-SiC ceramics. Mater Design 2016, 110: 340–345.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Zhou P, Jin XX, Chen J, et al. Residual stress estimation in laminated ZrB2-SiC ultra-high temperature ceramics with strong interfaces using X-ray diffraction and indentation techniques. Ceram Int 2017, 43: 12459–12465.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Watts J, Hilmas G, Fahrenholtz WG, et al. Stress measurements in ZrB2-SiC composites using Raman spectroscopy and neutron diffraction. J Eur Ceram Soc 2010, 30: 2165–2171.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Watts J, Hilmas G, Fahrenholtz WG, et al. Measurement of thermal residual stresses in ZrB2-SiC composites. J Eur Ceram Soc 2011, 31: 1811–1820.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  7. Jannotti P, Subhash G, Zheng J, et al. Measurement of microscale residual stresses in multi-phase ceramic composites using Raman spectroscopy. Acta Mater 2017, 129: 482–491.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Ghosh D, Subhash G, Orlovskaya N. Measurement of scratch-induced residual stress within SiC grains in ZrB2-SiC composite using micro-Raman spectroscopy. Acta Mater 2008, 56: 5345–5354.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Steen M. Tensile mastercurve of ceramic matrix composites: Significance and implications for modelling. Mat Sci Eng A 1998, 250: 241–248.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. Steen M. Effect of residual stresses on the mechanical response of continuous fibre reinforced ceramic matrix composites. In: Advanced Multilayered and Fibre-Reinforced Composites. NATO ASI Series (3. High Technology), Vol. 43. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 1998: 297–309.

    Chapter  Google Scholar 

  11. Anastassakis E, Pinczuk A, Burstein E, et al. Effect of static uniaxial stress on the Raman spectrum of silicon. Solid State Commun 1970, 8: 133–138.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  12. Wing BL, Esmonde-White F, Halloran JW, et al. Microstress in reaction-bonded SiC from crystallization expansion of silicon. J Am Ceram Soc 2016, 99: 3705–3711.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  13. John FD, Thomas EF. Analysis of residual stress in 6H-SiC particles within Al2O3/SiC composites through Raman spectroscopy. J Am Ceram Soc 1992, 75: 1854–1857.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. Jin X, Sun Y, Hou C, et al. Investigation into cooling-rate dependent residual stresses in ZrB2-SiC composites using improved Raman spectroscopy method. Ceram Int 2019, 45: 22564–22570.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  15. Yang Q, Hwang C, Khan A, et al. Anisotropy and residual stress in B4C-ZrB2 eutectic. Mater Charact 2019, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matchar.2019.109797.

  16. Su F, Huang P. Microscopic mechanism of the high-temperature strength behaviour of a C/SiC composite. Appl Compos Mater 2019, 26: 1059–1071.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  17. Kollins K, Przybyla C, Amer MS. Residual stress measurements in melt infiltrated SiC/SiC ceramic matrix composites using Raman spectroscopy. J Eur Ceram Soc 2018, 38: 2784–2791.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  18. Knauf MW, Przybyla CP, Ritchey AJ, et al. Residual stress determination of silicon containing boron dopants in ceramic matrix composites. J Am Ceram Soc 2019, 102: 2820–2829

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  19. Knauf M, Przybyla C, Ritchey A, et al. Measuring the effects of heat treatment on SiC/SiC ceramic matrix composites using Raman spectroscopy. J Am Ceram Soc 2020, 103: 1293–1303.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  20. Dong S, Katoh Y, Kohyama A. Preparation of SiC/SiC composites by hot pressing, using Tyranno-SA fiber as reinforcement. J Am Ceram Soc 2003, 86: 26–32.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  21. Amer MS. Raman Spectroscopy, Fullerenes, and Nanotechnology. Royal Society of Chemistry, 2010.

  22. Gouadec G, Karlin S, Wu J, et al. Physical chemistry and mechanical imaging of ceramic-fibre-reinforced ceramic-or metal-matrix composites. Compos Sci Technol 2001, 61: 383–388.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  23. Wang HL, Gao ST, Peng SM, et al. KD-S SiCf/SiC composites with BN interface fabricated by polymer infiltration and pyrolysis process. J Adv Ceram 2018, 7: 169–177.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  24. Chai Y, Zhou X, Zhang H. Effect of oxidation treatment on KD-II SiC fiber-reinforced SiC composites. Ceram Int 2017, 43: 9934–9940.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  25. Yu SJ, Chen ZF, Wang Y, et al. Effect of fabric structure on the permeability and regeneration ability of porous SiCf/SiC composite prepared by CVI. Ceram Int 2019, 45: 11564–11570.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  26. Tao P, Wang Y. Improved thermal conductivity of silicon carbide fibers-reinforced silicon carbide matrix composites by chemical vapor infiltration method. Ceram Int 2019, 45: 2207–2212.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  27. Fist N, Dinan J, Stadelmann R, et al. In situ three point bending device for measurements of vibrational response of ceramics under stress by microRaman spectroscopy. Adv Appl Ceram 2012, 111: 433–439.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  28. Zhu W, Zhu J, Nishino S, et al. Spatially resolved Raman spectroscopy evaluation of residual stresses in 3C-SiC layer deposited on Si substrates with different crystallographic orientations. Appl Surf Sci 2006, 252: 2346–2354.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  29. Ul Ahmad A, Liang H, Ali S, et al. Cheap, reliable, reusable, thermally and chemically stable fluorinated hexagonal boron nitride nanosheets coated Au nanoparticles substrate for surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy. Sensor Actuat B: Chem 2020, 304: 127394.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  30. Du M, Li XL, Wang AZ, et al. One-step exfoliation and fluorination of boron nitride nanosheets and a study of their magnetic properties. Angew Chem 2014, 126: 3719–3723.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  31. Niu XX, Zhang HQ, Pei ZL, et al. Measurement of interfacial residual stress in SiC fiber reinforced Ni-Cr-Al alloy composites by Raman spectroscopy. J Mater Sci Technol 2019, 35: 88–93.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  32. Colomban P, Gouadec G, Mathez J, et al. Raman stress measurement in opaque industrial Cf/epoxy composites submitted to tensile strain. Compos Part A: Appl Sci Manuf 2006, 37: 646–651.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  33. Young RJ, Eichhorn SJ. Deformation mechanisms in polymer fibres and nanocomposites. Polymer 2007, 48: 2–18.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  34. Zhang W, Li Z, Baxter GW, et al. Stress- and temperature-dependent wideband fluorescence of a phosphor composite for sensing applications. Exp Mech 2017, 57: 57–63.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  35. Zhang WW, Wang GY, Baxter GW, et al. Methods for broadband spectral analysis: Intrinsic fluorescence temperature sensing as an example. Appl Spectrosc 2017, 71: 1256–1262.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  36. Erasmus R, Comins J, Fish M, et al. Raman spectroscopy as a technique to characterize stress in diamond and cubic boron nitride. AIP Conf Proc 2000, 509: 1637–1644.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgements

Authors appreciate the financial support of the research grant from National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51902328), the research grant from Science and Technology Commission of Shanghai Municipality (No. 19ZR1464700), and the research grant from Key Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (No. ZDRW-CN-2017-1).

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Xiaowu Chen.

Rights and permissions

Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made.

The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder.

To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Chen, X., Cheng, G., Zhang, J. et al. Residual stress variation in SiCf/SiC composite during heat treatment and its effects on mechanical behavior. J Adv Ceram 9, 567–575 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40145-020-0395-4

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Revised:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s40145-020-0395-4

Keywords

  • residual stress
  • nano-powder infiltration and transient eutectoid (NITE)
  • Raman spectroscopy
  • mechanical properties