Probabilistic seismic hazard at the archaeological site of Gol Gumbaz in Vijayapura, south India

  • Shivakumar G Patil
  • Arun Menon
  • G R Dodagoudar


Probabilistic seismic hazard analysis (PSHA) is carried out for the archaeological site of Vijayapura in south India in order to obtain hazard consistent seismic input ground-motions for seismic risk assessment and design of seismic protection measures for monuments, where warranted. For this purpose the standard Cornell-McGuire approach, based on seismogenic zones with uniformly distributed seismicity is employed. The main features of this study are the usage of an updated and unified seismic catalogue based on moment magnitude, new seismogenic source models and recent ground motion prediction equations (GMPEs) in logic tree framework. Seismic hazard at the site is evaluated for level and rock site condition with 10% and 2% probabilities of exceedance in 50 years, and the corresponding peak ground accelerations (PGAs) are 0.074 and 0.142 g, respectively. In addition, the uniform hazard spectra (UHS) of the site are compared to the Indian code-defined spectrum. Comparisons are also made with results from National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA 2010), in terms of PGA and pseudo spectral accelerations (PSAs) at T = 0.2, 0.5, 1.0 and 1.25 s for 475- and 2475-yr return periods. Results of the present study are in good agreement with the PGA calculated from isoseismal map of the Killari earthquake, \({\hbox {M}}_{\mathrm{w}} = 6.4\) (1993). Disaggregation of PSHA results for the PGA and spectral acceleration (\({\hbox {S}}_{\mathrm{a}}\)) at 0.5 s, displays the controlling scenario earthquake for the study region as low to moderate magnitude with the source being at a short distance from the study site. Deterministic seismic hazard (DSHA) is also carried out by taking into account three scenario earthquakes. The UHS corresponding to 475-yr return period (RP) is used to define the target spectrum and accordingly, the spectrum-compatible natural accelerograms are selected from the suite of recorded accelerograms.


Seismic hazard GMPEs PGA uniform hazard spectra spectrum-compatible natural accelerograms 



The authors would like to thank Dr Vladimir Graizer for providing the MATLAB code for G-16 GMPE and for productive discussions of the results and Prof. Mario Gustavo Ordaz for providing CRISIS 2014 code. The authors also thank Dr G Kalyan Kumar for his timely technical assistance.


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Copyright information

© Indian Academy of Sciences 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shivakumar G Patil
    • 1
  • Arun Menon
    • 1
  • G R Dodagoudar
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology MadrasChennaiIndia

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