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Effect of Organic Selenium Supplementation on Selenium Status, Oxidative Stress, and Antioxidant Status in Selenium-Adequate Dairy Cows During the Periparturient Period

  • Jian Gong
  • Min Xiao
Article

Abstract

The periparturient period represents a stressful time for dairy cows as they transition from late gestation to early lactation. Oxidation stress occurs during this period owing to the increased metabolic activity. Antioxidants supplementation slightly above the suggested requirements may be beneficial in relieving this kind of stress. The objective of this study was to determine whether supplementing selenium (Se) yeast to diets with adequate Se concentrations affects Se status, oxidative stress, and antioxidant status in dairy cows during the periparturient period. Twenty multiparous Holstein cows were randomly divided into two groups with ten replicates in each group. During the last 4 weeks before calving, cows were fed Se-yeast at 0 (control) or 0.3 mg Se/kg dry matter (Se-yeast supplementation), in addition to Na selenite at 0.3 mg Se/kg dry matter in their rations. The concentrations of Se, reactive oxygen species (ROS), hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), hydroxyl radical, malonaldehyde (MDA), α-tocopherol and glutathione (GSH), the activities of glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT), and the total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC) in plasma or erythrocyte of dairy cows were measured at 21 and 7 days prepartum, and at 7 and 21 days postpartum. Cows fed Se-yeast supplement during the last 4 weeks of gestation had higher plasma Se and lower MDA concentrations at 7 days prepartum, and at 7 and 21 days postpartum, and had higher whole blood Se and lower plasma ROS and H2O2 concentrations at 7 and 21 days postpartum compared with control cows. Se-yeast supplementation increased plasma and erythrocyte GSH-Px activities and erythrocyte GSH concentration at 7 days postpartum as compared to Se-adequate control cows. Compared with control cows, the enhanced SOD and CAT activities, increased α-tocopherol and GSH concentrations, and improved T-AOC in plasma at 7 and 21 days postpartum in Se-yeast-supplemented cows were also observed in this study. The results indicate that feeding Se-adequate cows a Se-yeast supplement during late gestation increases plasma Se status, improves antioxidant function, and relieves effectively oxidative stress occurred in early lactation.

Keywords

Oxidative stress Antioxidative status Selenium-yeast supplementation Periparturient dairy cow 

Notes

Funding Information

This research was funded by National Natural Science Foundation of China (Project No. 31560644) and Natural Science Foundation of Inner Mongolia, China (Project No. 2015MS0367).

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Life Science and TechnologyInner Mongolia Normal UniversityHohhotChina

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