In this paper, we propose the first numerical study of nanotube-based torsional oscillators via developing a new multiscale model. The edge-to-edge technique was employed in this multiscale method to couple the molecular model, i.e., nanotubes, and the continuum model, i.e., the metal paddle. Without losing accuracy, the metal paddle was treated as the rigid body in the continuum model. Torsional oscillators containing (10,0) nanotubes were mainly studied. We considered various initial angles of twist to depict linear/nonlinear characteristics of torsional oscillators. Furthermore, effects of vacancy defects and temperature on mechanisms of nanotube-based torsional oscillators were discussed.
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The authors acknowledge support from the Army Research Office (Contract: # W911NF-06-C-0140) and the National Science Foundation (Grant # 0630153).
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Xiao, S., Hou, W. Multiscale modeling and simulation of nanotube-based torsional oscillators. Nanoscale Res Lett 2, 54 (2007). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11671-006-9030-8