Journal of Electronic Materials

, Volume 41, Issue 6, pp 1159–1164 | Cite as

Structural and Thermoelectric Properties of Ba8Cu x Si23-x Ge23 (4.5 ≤ x ≤ 7)

  • X. Yan
  • M. Falmbigl
  • S. Laumann
  • A. Grytsiv
  • E. Bauer
  • P. Rogl
  • S. PaschenEmail author


Intermetallic clathrates are promising materials for thermoelectric applications at elevated temperatures. In the search for cost-competitive representatives, we investigate the thermoelectric properties of quaternary type I clathrates with nominal compositions Ba8Cu x Si23-x Ge23 (4.5 ≤ x ≤ 7). The specimens were prepared by melting and annealing with subsequent ball milling and hot pressing. X-ray diffraction and energy-dispersive x-ray spectroscopy were used for an accurate structure determination and for an analysis of the phase purity and microstructure, respectively. The transport properties show a systematic variation with the Cu content in the clathrate phase. The highest dimensionless thermoelectric figure of merit ZT of 0.31 is achieved for Ba8Cu6Si17Ge23 at about 250°C (520 K).


Thermoelectric materials clathrates quaternary crystal structure 


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Copyright information

© TMS 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • X. Yan
    • 1
    • 2
  • M. Falmbigl
    • 2
  • S. Laumann
    • 1
  • A. Grytsiv
    • 2
  • E. Bauer
    • 1
  • P. Rogl
    • 2
  • S. Paschen
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Institute of Solid State PhysicsVienna University of TechnologyViennaAustria
  2. 2.Institute of Physical ChemistryUniversity of ViennaViennaAustria

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