Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 25, Issue 31, pp 31459–31473 | Cite as

Modelling the relationship between poverty, environment, and institutions: a panel data study

  • Reham RizkEmail author
  • Mehdi Ben Slimane
Research Article


The paper examines the relationship between poverty and CO2 emission. We contribute by using a global panel data of 146 countries over the period 1996–2014 and by focusing on the role of institution in poverty and environmental degradation nexus. The main findings are that the non-linearity relationship between poverty and CO2 emission could prompt a further increase in the poverty and environmental degradation. However, an increase in the institutional quality leads to a reduction in poverty and more protection to the environment. The main policy recommendation is that all countries need to improve their institutional framework so that reduction of poverty and environmental degradation can occur.


Poverty CO2 Institution quality Panel data 

JEL classification

O13 Q53 Q56 C33 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.British University in Egypt (BUE)El Sherouk CityEgypt
  2. 2.UR MASE-ESSAIT, University of Carthage and Tunis Business SchoolUniversity of TunisEl-MouroujTunisia

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