Motivation and Emotion

, Volume 38, Issue 6, pp 802–814 | Cite as

Bending perception to desire: Effects of task demands, motivation, and cognitive resources

  • Jocelyn J. BélangerEmail author
  • Arie W. Kruglanski
  • Xiaoyan Chen
  • Edward Orehek
Original Paper


Determinants of motivated judgments were examined in this research. Three experiments investigated how dominant motivation, biasing difficulty and mental resources combine to produce motivationally congruent judgments. Studies 1 and 2 showed that where a biasing motivation is dominant the presence of resources can augment a motivational bias in judgment. Study 3 replicated that result and showed that resources contribute to the formation of biased judgments only where biasing is difficult to accomplish, but not where it is relatively easy to accomplish. In addition, Study 3 showed that where the accuracy motivation is dominant and biasing is the easy default, unbiased judgments will occur only in the presence (vs. absence) of resources. In contrast, where unbiased judgments are easy to come by, such judgments occur irrespective of resources.


Cognitive energetics theory Goals Cognitive resources Decision making 



This research was supported in part by a grant from the Social Sciences Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC) to the first author and an NSF Grant 0314291/0313483 to the second author.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jocelyn J. Bélanger
    • 1
    Email author
  • Arie W. Kruglanski
    • 2
  • Xiaoyan Chen
    • 2
  • Edward Orehek
    • 3
  1. 1.Département de PsychologieUniversité du Québec à MontréalMontrealCanada
  2. 2.University of MarylandCollege ParkUSA
  3. 3.University of PittsburghPittsburghUSA

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