Since the 1990s, the International Union of Immunological Societies (IUIS) PID expert committee (EC), now called Inborn Errors of Immunity Committee, has published every other year a classification of the inborn errors of immunity. This complete catalog serves as a reference for immunologists and researchers worldwide. However, it was unadapted for clinicians at the bedside. For those, the IUIS PID EC is now publishing a phenotypical classification since 2013, which proved to be more user-friendly. There are now 320 single-gene inborn errors of immunity underlying phenotypes as diverse as infection, malignancy, allergy, auto-immunity, and auto-inflammation. We herein propose the revised 2017 phenotypic classification, based on the accompanying 2017 IUIS Inborn Errors of Immunity Committee classification.
Human primary immunodeficiency diseases (PID) comprise 330 distinct disorders with 320 different gene defects listed . Long considered as rare diseases, recent studies tend to show that they are more common than generally thought, if only by their rapidly increasing number [2, 3].The International Union of Immunological Societies (IUIS) PID expert committee proposed a PID classification since 1999 , which facilitates clinical research and comparative studies worldwide; it is updated every other year to include new disorders or disease-causing genes. This classification is organized in tables, each of which groups PIDs that share a given pathogenesis. As this catalog is not adapted for use by the clinician at the bedside, the now called Inborn Errors of Immunity Committee proposed since 2013 a phenotypic complement to its classification . Moreover, a smartphone application has been published, based on the 2015 phenotypic classification . As the number of inborn errors of immunity is quickly increasing, and at an even faster pace since the advent of next-generation sequencing, this phenotypic classification requires revision at the same pace as the classical IUIS classification.
Here, we present an update of these figures (Figs. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, and 9), based on the accompanying 2017 report in inborn errors of immunity. We included all diseases included in the 2017 update of the IUIS classification  and split some categories in two parts to ease the lecture. An algorithm was assigned to each of the nine main groups of the classification and the same color was used for each group of similar conditions. Disease names are presented in red and genes in bold and italics. Mode of inheritance is expressed when adequate; if not expressed, the default mode of transmission is autosomal recessive. Clinical features that point to several diseases are presented in italics before the disease names.
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Conflict of Interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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Bousfiha, A., Jeddane, L., Picard, C. et al. The 2017 IUIS Phenotypic Classification for Primary Immunodeficiencies. J Clin Immunol 38, 129–143 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10875-017-0465-8