Home Production, House Values, and the Great Recession
- 279 Downloads
Traditional labor supply models grounded in the trade-off between labor and leisure are incomplete to the extent that they neglect time spent in home production: productive labor that is not exchanged in a market setting. Models that do incorporate home production typically predict a negative relationship with the wage rate, a relationship emphasized by most analyses of time devoted to home production during recessions. However, empirical studies of the behavior of home production over the business cycle find that home production is relatively acyclical. The prominence of the fall in house values during the Great Recession suggests an alternative driver of hours dedicated to home production: non-labor endowments and assets, specifically housing equity. This paper explores the role that changing house values play in determining time dedicated to home production using the American Time Use Survey. It concludes that on the margin, time allocation responds to changes in house values in the anticipated way only under certain conditions. Specifically, when non-owners are excluded from the analysis the anticipated results do not hold. Some suggestions to explain this result are provided, as well as a discussion of future clarifying research.
KeywordsHome production Time use Business cycle Housing market
JEL ClassificationD13 E32 J22
I would like thank Susan Fleck, Robert Lerman, Phanwin Yokying, Kathleen Kuehn, and three anonymous reviewers for helpful comments on the paper.
- Bridgman, B., Dugan, A., Lal M., Osborne, M., & Villones, S. (2012). Accounting for household production in the national accounts, 1965-2010. Survey of Current Business, 92(5), 23–36. Retrieved from: www.bea.gov/scb/pdf/2012/05%20May/0512_household.pdf.
- Chiswick, B. (2006). In memoriam: Jacob Mincer (1922-2006). IZA: Bonn, Germany. Retrieved from: http://www.iza.org/en/webcontent/news/mincer.
- Folbre, N. (2004). A Theory of the misallocation of time. In M. Bittman and N. Folbre (ed.), Family Time: The Social Organization of Care, p. 7-24.Google Scholar
- Gronau, R. (1973). The intrafamily allocation of time: The value of housewives’ time. American Economic Review, 63, 643–651. Retrieved from www.jstor.org/stable/1808854.
- Kimmel, J., & Connelly, R. (2007). Mothers’ time choices: Caregiving, leisure, home production, and paid work. Journal of Human Resources, 42(3), 643–681. Retrieved from www.jstor.org/stable/40057322.
- Mincer, J. (1963). Market prices, opportunity costs, and income effects. In C. Christ (Ed.), Measurement in economics (pp. 36–52). Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
- Stadler, G. (1994). Real business cycles. Journal of Economic Literature, 32(4), 1750–1783. Retireved from www.jstor.org/stable/pdfplus/2728793.pdf.