The Effects of Socio-scientific Instruction on Pre-Service Teachers’ Sense of Efficacy for Learning and Teaching Controversial Family Health Issues
- 364 Downloads
This research investigates the effects of socioscientific instruction on pre-service teachers’ sense of efficacy in the teaching and learning of controversial family health issues. For this purpose, a total of 251 students from two teacher training colleges participated in the study and were randomly assigned as experimental and control groups. The experimental group was taught the contents of the controversial family health issues using socioscientific instruction approach and the control group was taught the same content using a more traditional approach. Quantitative data were obtained from both groups after responding to the ‘Teacher sense of Efficacy Scale’ as instrument used for data collection before and after the treatments. Analysis of covariance was used in data analysis of which the pre-treatment scores were used as covariates. Qualitative interviews were conducted with ten participants randomly selected from the experimental group before and after the treatment to deepen and elaborate the quantitative data. The quantitative and qualitative findings indicate that the integration of the socioscientific instruction have significantly affected the pre-service teachers’ sense of efficacy in favour of the experimental group that shows a more stronger sense of efficacy. It was concluded that the socioscientific instruction is significantly effective in changing the pre-service teachers’ weaker sense of efficacy to a stronger one in the controversial family health issues.
Key wordsefficacy family health issues pre-service teachers socioscientific instruction
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Aysun, G. & Seda, A. (2010). The relationship between pre-service teachers self-efficacy and their Internet self-efficacy. Procedia—social and behavioural sciences.Google Scholar
- Bandura, A. (1977). Social learning theory. New York: General Learning Press.Google Scholar
- Bandura, A. (1986). Social foundation of thought and action. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.Google Scholar
- Bandura, A. (1994). Self-efficacy. In V. S. Ramachaudran (Ed.), Encyclopaedia of human behaviour 4 (pp. 71–81). New York: Academic.Google Scholar
- Bandura, A. (1997). Self-efficacy: The exercise of control. New York: Freeman.Google Scholar
- Bello, M. V., Booth, R. & Yusuf, B. (2000). Sexuality education among the Hausa. In U. E. Esiet (Ed.), Religious and ethnic factors affecting sexuality in Nigeria. SIECUS Report 28 (4).Google Scholar
- Bertozzi, S., Padian, N. S., Wegbreit, J., et al (2006). HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment. In D. T. Jamison, J. G. Breman, A. R. Measham, et al. (Eds.), Disease control priorities in developing countries (2nd ed.). Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
- Carles, P., Howes, C. & Green, S. (2010). The responsibilities of science teachers. In S. Tajuddin & D. Aliu (Eds.), Teacher education for development (pp. 130–141). Lagos: Prime Press.Google Scholar
- Centre for Disease Control and prevention–CDC (2011). Interim guidance, pre-exposure, prophylaxies for the prevention of HIV infections in men who have sex with men. MMWR, 60(30), 65–68.Google Scholar
- Cohen, J. W. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioural sciences (2nd ed.). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.Google Scholar
- Eastwood, J. L., Sadler, D. T., Sherwood, R. D. & Schlegel, W. M. (2012). Students’ participation in an interdisciplinary socioscientific issues based undergraduate human biology major and their understanding of scientific inquiry. Research in Science Education. Springer.Google Scholar
- Eggart, S. & Bögeholz S. (2009). Students’ use of decision making strategies with regard to Socioscientific issues: An application of the Rasch Partial Credit Model. Science Education. Wiley.Google Scholar
- Evans, N. (2011). HIV/AIDS Transmission and infection control: Wild Iris Medical Education Inc. Accessed from: www.nursingcev.com.
- Francoeur, R. T., Esiet, U. & Esiet, N. (2000). Ethnic views of sexuality education in Nigeria. SIECUS Report, 28(4), 8–12.Google Scholar
- Gay, R. L. & Airaisan, P. (2000). Educational research: Competencies for analysis and application. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Merrill Prentice Hall.Google Scholar
- Hoy, A. W. (2000). Changes in teacher self-efficacy during the early years of teaching. Paper Presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, New Orleans, LA.Google Scholar
- Klop, T. & Severiens, S. (2007). An exploration of attitudes towards modern biotechnology: A study among Dutch secondary school students. International Journal of Science Education, 29(5).Google Scholar
- Klosterman, M. & Sadler, T. D. (2010). Information literacy for science education. Evaluating web-based materials for scientific issues.Science Scope.Google Scholar
- Klosterman, M. & Sadler, T. D. (2010). Multi-level assessment of content knowledge gains in the context of socioscientific issues-based instruction. International Journal of Science Education.Google Scholar
- Latourelle, S. M., Poplawsky, A., Shmaefsky, B. & Musante, S. (2012). Using socio-scientific issues-based instruction. New York: Pedagogy in Action Library.Google Scholar
- Lewandowski, K. H. L. (2005). A study of the relationship of teachers’ self-efficacy and the Impact of leadership and professional development. An unpublished doctoral dissertation in Graduate School and research, Indiana university of Pennsylvania, May 2005.Google Scholar
- Naku, D. (2011). Nigeria: UNICEF worry over high HIV/AIDS infection in rivers state. Lagos: Daily Champion.Google Scholar
- Napierala, M. A. (2012). What is bonferoni corrections? American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. Accessed from: www.aaos.org.
- NCCE (2009). National Commission for Colleges of Education Minimum Standards for Nigerian colleges of Education. Abuja: NCCE Press.Google Scholar
- Nuanchalerm, P. & Kwanthong, B. (2010). Teaching global warming through socio-scientific issues-based instruction. Asian Social Science, 6(8).Google Scholar
- Odukoya, D., Busari T. & Ateh-Abang, A. (2006). Contribution of non-formal education to HIV preventive education in Nigeria: A case study and inventory of NGO practices. Education Research Network for West and Central Africa. www.rocare.com.
- OIC International (2013). Health, Nutrition and HIV/AIDS. Accessed on 2nd October 2013, From: www.oici.org/programs/health-nutrition-hivaids
- Pallant, J. (2007). SPSS survival manual: A step by step guide to data analysis using SPSS for Windows (3rd edn).Google Scholar
- Price, I. (2000). One-way ANOVA. Bonferroni adjustment. University of New England, Amidala NSW. Accessed from: www.une.edu.au.
- Rosen, J. E., Murray, N. J. & Moreland, S. (2004). Sexuality education in schools: The international experience and implication for Nigeria: Policy Working Paper series No 12.Google Scholar
- Scruggs, L. D. & Smiths, Y. (2004). Effective strategy for effective science teaching. Journal of Studies in Education, 43, 120–128.Google Scholar
- Senler, B. & Semra, S. (2010). Pre-service teachers’ self-efficacy: A case from Turkey. Procedia Social and behavioural sciences.Google Scholar
- Shadish, W. R., Cook, T. D. & Campbell, D. T. (2002). Experimental and quasi-experimental designs for generalized causal inference. Boston, MA: Houghton-Mifflin.Google Scholar
- Shehu, R. A. & Sheshi, B. (2012). Need for sex education in Nigerian secondary schools. Institute Journal of Studies in Education (pp. 141–148). Institute of Education, Ilorin.Google Scholar
- Smylie, M. A. (1990). Teacher self-efficacy at work. In P. Reyes (Ed.), Teachers and their work place (pp. 48–66). Newbury Park: Sage.Google Scholar
- Stevens, J. (1996). Applied multivariate statistics for the social sciences (3rd ed.). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum. Chapter 6.Google Scholar
- Tomas, L. (2009). Merging facts with fiction: Developing students’ scientific literacy through story writing on a socioscientific issue. Science Educator, 9(5).Google Scholar
- UNESCO (2011). Executive summary. School-based sexuality education programme: A cost and cost effectiveness analyses in six countries. www.unesco.org/aids.
- USAID (2012). Nigeria: HIV/AIDS health profile. http://www.usaid.gov/our_work/global.
- Wingfield, M. E. Freeman, L,. & Ramsey, J. (2000). Science teaching self-efficacy of first year elementary teachers trained in a site based programme. Paper presented at National Association for Research in Science Teaching Annual meeting held at New Orleans, L November, 2000.Google Scholar