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Fire Technology

, Volume 48, Issue 4, pp 865–891 | Cite as

Analysis of Changing Residential Fire Dynamics and Its Implications on Firefighter Operational Timeframes

  • Stephen Kerber
Article

Abstract

There has been a steady change in the residential fire environment over the past several decades. These changes include larger homes, different home geometries, increased synthetic fuel loads, and changing construction materials. Several experiments were conducted to compare the impact of changing fuel loads in residential houses. These experiments show living room fires have flashover times of less than 5 min when they used to be on the order of 30 min. Other experiments demonstrate the failure time of wall linings, windows and interior doors have decreased over time which also impact fire growth and firefighter tactics. Each of these changes alone may not be significant but the all-encompassing effect of these components on residential fire behavior has changed the incidents that the fire service is responding to. This analysis examines this change in fire dynamics and the impact on firefighter response times and operational timeframes.

Keywords

Fire dynamics Firefighting Tactics Residential fires 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.UL, LLCNorthbrookUSA

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