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Cytotechnology

, Volume 68, Issue 4, pp 637–643 | Cite as

Mutagenic and cytotoxic activities of benfuracarb insecticide

  • Yasin ErenEmail author
  • Sevim Feyza Erdoğmuş
  • Dilek Akyıl
  • Arzu Özkara
Original Research

Abstract

Benfuracarb is a carbamate insecticide used to control insect pests in vegetables and it has anti-acetylcholinesterase activity lower than other carbamates. Cytotoxic effects of benfuracarb were evaluated by using root growth inhibition (EC50), mitotic index (MI), and mitotic phase determinations on the root meristem cells of Allium cepa and mutagenic effects were determined in Salmonella typhymurium Ames test by TA98 and TA100 strains with and without metabolic activation. In Allium test, 1 % DMSO was used as negative control group and 10 ppm MMS was used as positive control group. 75 ppm concentration of benfuracarb was found as EC50. In MI and mitotic phases determination study, 37.5, 75 and 150 ppm doses of benfuracarb were used. Dose-dependent cytotoxic activity was found by root growth inhibition and MI studies. It was identified that mitotic inhibition activity of benfuracarb was higher than 10 ppm MMS. In Ames test, mutagenic activity was not observed and over 200 µg/plate of benfuracarb was determined as cytotoxic to S. typhymurium strains. Benfuracarb can be called as “mitotic inhibitor” but not called as mutagen.

Keywords

Benfuracarb Carbamates Ames test Allium test Cytotoxicity Mutagenic activity 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yasin Eren
    • 1
    Email author
  • Sevim Feyza Erdoğmuş
    • 2
  • Dilek Akyıl
    • 3
  • Arzu Özkara
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Science Education, Faculty of EducationSüleyman Demirel UniversityIspartaTurkey
  2. 2.Department of Laboratory and Veterinary Health, Bayat Vocational SchoolAfyon Kocatepe UniversityAfyonTurkey
  3. 3.Department of Biology, Faculty of Science and ArtsAfyon Kocatepe UniversityAfyonTurkey

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