Biology & Philosophy

, Volume 31, Issue 2, pp 283–298 | Cite as

Pain signals are predominantly imperative



Recent work on signaling has mostly focused on communication between organisms. The Lewis–Skyrms framework should be equally applicable to intra-organismic signaling. We present a Lewis–Skyrms signaling-game model of painful signaling, and use it to argue that the content of pain is predominantly imperative. We address several objections to the account, concluding that our model gives a productive framework within which to consider internal signaling.


Signaling games Internal signaling Pain Imperativism 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Logos Research Group in Analytic Philosophy and Department of PhilosophyUniversitat Autònoma de BarcelonaBarcelonaSpain
  2. 2.Department of PhilosophyMacquarie UniversitySydneyAustralia

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