Biology & Philosophy

, Volume 31, Issue 2, pp 283–298

Pain signals are predominantly imperative


DOI: 10.1007/s10539-015-9514-y

Cite this article as:
Martínez, M. & Klein, C. Biol Philos (2016) 31: 283. doi:10.1007/s10539-015-9514-y


Recent work on signaling has mostly focused on communication between organisms. The Lewis–Skyrms framework should be equally applicable to intra-organismic signaling. We present a Lewis–Skyrms signaling-game model of painful signaling, and use it to argue that the content of pain is predominantly imperative. We address several objections to the account, concluding that our model gives a productive framework within which to consider internal signaling.


Signaling games Internal signaling Pain Imperativism 

Funding information

Funder NameGrant NumberFunding Note
DGI, Spanish Government
  • FFI2011-26853
  • CSD2009-00056
Generalitat de Catalunya
  • 2014-SGR-81
Australian Research Council
  • FT140100422

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Logos Research Group in Analytic Philosophy and Department of PhilosophyUniversitat Autònoma de BarcelonaBarcelonaSpain
  2. 2.Department of PhilosophyMacquarie UniversitySydneyAustralia

Personalised recommendations