Clinical and genetic aspects of defects in the mitochondrial iron–sulfur cluster synthesis pathway

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Part of the following topical collections:
  1. The Biogenesis of Iron-sulfur Proteins: From Cellular Biology to Molecular Aspects

Abstract

Iron–sulfur clusters are evolutionarily conserved biological structures which play an important role as cofactor for multiple enzymes in eukaryotic cells. The biosynthesis pathways of the iron–sulfur clusters are located in the mitochondria and in the cytosol. The mitochondrial iron–sulfur cluster biosynthesis pathway (ISC) can be divided into at least twenty enzymatic steps. Since the description of frataxin deficiency as the cause of Friedreich’s ataxia, multiple other deficiencies in ISC biosynthesis pathway have been reported. In this paper, an overview is given of the clinical, biochemical and genetic aspects reported in humans affected by a defect in iron–sulfur cluster biosynthesis.

Keywords

Iron–sulfur clusters Mitochondria Phenotype OXPHOS 

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© SBIC 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Pediatric Neurology and Metabolism, Department of PediatricsGhent University HospitalGhentBelgium

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