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World Journal of Surgery

, Volume 32, Issue 2, pp 305–309 | Cite as

Artificial Neural Networks: Useful Aid in Diagnosing Acute Appendicitis

  • S. G. Prabhudesai
  • S. Gould
  • S. Rekhraj
  • P. P. Tekkis
  • G. Glazer
  • P. Ziprin
Article

Abstract

Backround

The purpose of the study was to assess the role of artificial neural networks (ANNs) in the diagnosis of appendicitis in patients presenting with acute right iliac fossa (RIF) pain and comparing its performance with the assessment made by experienced clinicians and the Alvarado score.

Methods

After training and testing an ANN, data from 60 patients presenting with suspected appendicitis over a 6-month period to a teaching hospital was collected prospectively. Accuracy of diagnosing appendicitis by the clinician, the Alvarado score, and the ANN was compared.

Results

The sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values of the ANN were 100%, 97.2%, 96.0%, and 100% respectively. The ability of the ANN to exclude accurately the diagnosis of appendicitis in patients without true appendicitis was statistically significant compared to the clinical performance (p = 0.031) and Alvarado score of ≥6 (p = 0.004) and nearly significant compared to the Alvarado score of ≥7 (p = 0.063).

Conclusions

ANNs can be an effective tool for accurately diagnosing appendicitis and may reduce unnecessary appendectomies.

Keywords

Artificial Neural Network Appendicitis Acute Appendicitis Diagnostic Laparoscopy Suspected Appendicitis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Société Internationale de Chirurgie 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. G. Prabhudesai
    • 1
  • S. Gould
    • 1
  • S. Rekhraj
    • 1
  • P. P. Tekkis
    • 1
  • G. Glazer
    • 2
  • P. Ziprin
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biosurgery and Surgical Technology, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College LondonSt. Mary’s Hospital CampusLondonUK
  2. 2.General Surgical UnitSt. Mary’s HospitalLondonUK

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