Advertisement

Environmental Management

, Volume 55, Issue 5, pp 1093–1108 | Cite as

Drivers of Coastal Shoreline Change: Case Study of Hon Dat Coast, Kien Giang, Vietnam

  • Hai-Hoa NguyenEmail author
  • Clive McAlpine
  • David Pullar
  • Stephen Joseph Leisz
  • Gramotnev Galina
Article

Abstract

Coastal shorelines are naturally dynamic, shifting in response to coastal geomorphological processes. Globally, land use change associated with coastal urban development and growing human population pressures is accelerating coastal shoreline change. In southern Vietnam, coastal erosion currently is posing considerable risks to shoreline land use and coastal inhabitants. The aim of this paper is to quantify historical shoreline changes along the Hon Dat coast between 1995 and 2009, and to document the relationships between coastal mangrove composition, width and density, and rates of shoreline change. The generalized linear mixed-effects models were used to quantify the major biophysical and land-use factors influencing shoreline change rates. Most significant drivers of the rates of change are cutting of mangroves, the dominant mangrove genus, changes in adjacent shoreline land use, changes of shoreline land cover, and width of fringing mangroves. We suggest that a possible and inexpensive strategy for robust mangrove shoreline defense is direct mangrove planting to promote mangrove density with the presence of breakwater structures. In the shorter term, construction of coastal barriers such as fence-structured melaleuca poles in combination with mangrove restoration schemes could help retain coastal sediments and increase the elevation of the accretion zone, thereby helping to stabilize eroding fringe shorelines. It also is recommended that implementation of a system of payments for mangrove ecosystem services and the stronger regulation of mangrove cutting and unsustainable land-use change to strengthen the effectiveness of mangrove conservation programs and coastal land-use management.

Keywords

Coastal mangrove Coastal shorelines Mixed-effects model Land use Land cover 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We are thankful to the School of Geography, Planning and Environmental Management the University of Queensland, Australia for funding field work and providing facilities to carry out this study. We are also grateful to GIZ Kien Giang and Kien Giang authorities for allowing us to conduct study in mangrove forests and supplying us with all logistics support.

References

  1. Abuodha PAO, Woodroffe CD (2010) Assessing vulnerability to sea-level rise using a coastal sensitivity index: a case study from southeast Australia. J Coast Conserv 14:189–205CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Baayen RH, Davidson DJ, Bates DM (2008) Mixed-effects modelling with crossed random effects for subjects and items. J Mem Lang 59:390–412CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bates D, Maechler M, Bolker B (2012) lme4: linear mixed effects models using S4 classes. http://CRAN.R-project.org/package=lme4. Accessed Apr 2013
  4. Bird E (2008) Coastal geomorphology: an introduction. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  5. Booth GD, Niccolucci MJ, Schuster EG (1994) Identifying proxy sets in multiple linear regression: an aid to better coefficient interpretation. Research paper INT-470. United States Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Ogden, USAGoogle Scholar
  6. Bowen ME, McAlpine CA, House APN, Smith GC (2009) Agricultural landscape modification increases the abundance of an important food resource: mistletoes, birds and brigalow. Biol Conserv 142:122–133CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Burnham KP, Anderson DR (2002) Model selection and multi-model inference: a practical information-theoretic approach, 2nd edn. Springer, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  8. Cahoon DR (2006) A review of major storm impacts on coastal wetland elevations. Estuar Coasts 29:889–898CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Castillo JM, Luque CJ, Castellanos EM, Figueroa ME (2000) Causes and consequences of salt-marsh erosion in an Atlantic estuary in SW Spain. J Coast Conserv 6:89–96CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Coops H, Geilen N, Verheij HJ, Boeters R, van der Velde G (1996) Interactions between waves, bank erosion and emergent vegetation: an experimental study in a wave tank. Aquat Bot 53:187–198CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Daehler CC, Strong DR (1996) Status, prediction and prevention of introduced cordgrass Spartina spp. invasions in Pacific estuaries, USA. Biol Conserv 78:51–58CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Dewidar K (2011) Changes in the shoreline position caused by natural processes for coastline of Marsa Alam and Hamata, Red Sea, Egypt. Int J Geosci 2:523–529CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Du P, Walling DE (2011) Using 137 Cs measurements to investigate the influence of erosion and soil redistribution on soil properties. Appl Radiat Isot 69:717–726CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Duc DM, Nhuan MT, Ngo CV (2012) An analysis of coastal erosion in tropical rapid accretion delta of the Red River, Vietnam. J Asian Earth Sci 43:98–109CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Duke NC, Wilson N, Mackenzie J, Hai-Hoa N (2010) Report on assessing mangrove forests, shorelines conditions and feasibility of REDD for Kien Giang Province. Report paperGoogle Scholar
  16. Dung BT, Ha DT, Chinh NQ (2004) Rewarding upland farmers for environmental services: experience, constraints and potential in Vietnam. World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF), Southeast AsiaGoogle Scholar
  17. Feagin RA, Lozada-bernard S, Ravern T, Moller I, Yearger K, Baird A (2009) Does vegetation prevent wave erosion of salt marsh edges. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 106:10109–10113CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. French PW (2001) Coastal defences: processes, problem and solution. Routledge, Taylor and Francis Group, London and New YorkCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Gedan KB, Kirwan ML, Wolanski E, Barbier EB, Silliman BB (2011) The present and future role of coastal wetland vegetation in protecting shorelines: answering recent changes to the paradigm. Clim Change 106:7–29CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Gilman E, Ellison J, Coleman R (2007) Assessment of mangrove response to projected relative sea-level rise and recent historical reconstruction of shoreline position. Environ Monit Assess 124:105–130CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Giri C, Zhu Z, Tieszen LL, Singh A, Gillette S, Kelmelis JA (2008) Mangrove forest distributions and dynamics (1975–2005) of the tsunami-affected region of Asia. J Biogeogr 35:519–528CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. GIZ Kien Giang (2012) Coastal rehabilitation and Mangrove restoration using Melaleuca fences: Practical experience from Kien Giang province. Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbHGoogle Scholar
  23. Haglund M, Svensson P (2002) Coastal Erosion at Hai Hau beach in the Red River Delta, Vietnam. Master thesis, Lund Institute of Technology, Lund UniversityGoogle Scholar
  24. Hai-Hoa N (2014) Functional values and management of coastal mangroves: case study in Kien Giang Coast, Southern Vietnam. PhD thesis The University of Queensland, AustraliaGoogle Scholar
  25. Hai-Hoa N, McAlpine C, Pullar D (2010) Role of fringe mangroves in tidal wave attenuation and wind reduction: Case study of the Hon Dat coast, Kien Giang, Vietnam (accepted for final revision in Ocean and Coastal Management)Google Scholar
  26. Hai-Hoa N, Pullar D, Duke NC, McAlpine C, Hien NT, Johansen K (2010) Historic shoreline changes: an indicator of coastal vulnerability for human land-use and development in Kien Giang, Vietnam. In: Proceedings of Asian Association on Remote Sensing, Hanoi, Vietnam, 1–5 November 2010Google Scholar
  27. Hai-Hoa N, McAlpine C, Pullar D, Johansen K, Duke NC (2013). The relationship of spatial-temporal changes in fringe mangroves extent and adjacent land-use: case study of Kien Giang coast, Vietnam. Ocean Coast Manag. doi: 10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2013.01.003
  28. Hai-Yen TN, Duy-Minh C, Schmitt K (2013) Soil particle-size composition and coastal erosion and accretion study in Soc Trang mangrove forests. J Coast Conserv 17:93–104CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Hanh PTT, Furukawa M (2007) Impact of sea-level rise on coastal zone of Vietnam. Bulletin 84:45–59. Faculty of Sciences, University of the RyukyusGoogle Scholar
  30. Harvey N, Woodroffe CD (2008) Australian approaches to coastal vulnerability assessment. Sustain Sci 3:67–87CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Hashim R, Kamali B, Tamin NM, Zakaria R (2010) An integrated approach to coastal rehabilitation: mangrove restoration in Sungai Haji Dorani, Malaysia. Estuar Coast Shelf Sci 86:118–124CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Hawkins S, To PX, Phuong PX, Thuy PT, Tu ND, Cuong CV, Brown S, Dart P, Robertson S, Vu N, McNally R (2010) Roots in the water: legal frameworks for mangrove PES in Vietnam. Katoomba Group’s Legal Initiative Country Study Series. Forest Trends, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  33. Hegde AV, Reju VR (2007) Development of coastal vulnerability index for Mangalore Coast, India. J Coastal Res 23:1106–1111CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Hieu TT, Trinh LP, Thinh TQ (2005) Status and forecast of dynamics of shorelines in coastal and river zones Vietnam (Vietnamese Version)Google Scholar
  35. Kathiresan K (2003) How do mangrove forests induce sedimentation? Int J Trop Biol Conserv 51:355–360Google Scholar
  36. Kien Giang People’s Committee (2005) Decision: Regulations on the use, plantations and protection of coastal mangrove forests in Kien Giang Province (Translation from Vietnamese version). Decision 51/2005/QD-UBNDGoogle Scholar
  37. Kien Giang People’s Committee (2011) Decision: Regulations on the use, plantations and protection of coastal mangrove forests in Kien Giang Province (Translation from Vietnamese version). Decision 25/2011/QD-UBNDGoogle Scholar
  38. Kirwan ML, Murray AB (2007) A coupled geomorphic and ecological model of tidal marsh evolution. Natl Acad Sci USA 104:6118–6122CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Komar PD, Diaz-mandez GM, Marra JJ (2001) Stability of the New River Spit and position of Oregon’s beach zone line. Coast Res 17:625–635Google Scholar
  40. Lam-Dao N, Pham-Bach V, Nguyen-Thanh M, Pham-Thi MT, Hoang-Thi P (2011) Change detection of land-use and riverbank in Mekong delta, Vietnam, using time-series remote sensed data. J Resour Ecol 2:370–374Google Scholar
  41. Manly BFJ, McDonald LL, Thomas DL, McDonald TL, Erickson WP (2002) Resource selection by animals: statistical design and analysis for field studies, 2nd edn. Kluwer Academic Publishers, BostonGoogle Scholar
  42. Masselink G, Hughes MG (2003) Introduction to coastal processes and geomorphology. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  43. Mazda Y, Magi M, Nanao H, Kogo M, Miyagi T (2002) Coastal erosion due to long-term human impacts on mangrove forests. Wetlands Ecol Manage 10:1–9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. McCulloch CE, Searle SR (2001) Generalised, linear and mixed models. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  45. Moore LJ, Benumof BT, Griggs GB (1999) Coastal erosion harzards in Santa Cruz and San Diego. Coas Res 28:121–139Google Scholar
  46. Mudd SM, D’Alpaos A, Morris JT (2010) How does vegetation affect sedimentation on tidal marshes? Investigating particle capture and hydrodynamic controls on biologically mediated sedimentation. J Geophys Res 115:1–14Google Scholar
  47. Olaniyi AO, Abdullah AM, Ramli MF, Alias MS (2012) Assessment of drivers of coastal land-use change in Malaysia. Ocean Coast Manag 67:113–123CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Ozyurt G, Ergin A (2010) Improving coastal vulnerability assessments to sea-level rise: a new indicator-based methodology for decision makers. J Coast Res 26:265–273CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Pendleton EA, Thieler ER, Williams SJ (2010) Importance of coastal change variables in determining vulnerability to sea and lake level change. J CoastRes 26:176–183CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Pinheiro J, Bates D (2000) Mixed effects models in S and S-Plus. Springer-Verlag, New York, USACrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Primavera JH (1995) Mangroves and brackish water pond culture in the Philippines. Hydrobiologia 295:303–309CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Rhodes JR, McAlpine CA, Zuur AF, Smith GM, Ieno EN (2009) GLMM applied on the spatial distribution of koalas in a fragmented landscape. In: Zuur AF, Ieno EN, Walker NJ, Saveliev AA, Smith GM (eds) Mixed effects models and extensions in ecology with R. Springer, NewYork, pp 469–492Google Scholar
  53. Saito Y, Alino PM (2008) Region conditions. In: Mimura N (ed) Asia-Pacific coasts and their management: states of environment. Springer, Netherlands, pp 255–331CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Shahbudin S, Zuhairi A, Kamaruzzaman BY (2012) Impact of coastal development on mangrove cover in Kilim river, Langkawi Island, Malaysia. J For Res 23:185–190CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Shilun Y (1999) A study of coastal morphodynamics on the Muddy Island in the Changjiang River Estuary. J Coast Res 15:32–44Google Scholar
  56. Smith AG, McAlpine C, Rhodes JR, Seabrook L, Baxter G, Lunney D, Bradley A (2012) At what spatial scales does resource selection vary? A case study of Koalas n a semi-arid region. Austral Ecol. doi: 10.1111/j.1442-9993.2012.02396.x
  57. Son NT, Tu NA (2008) Determinants of land-use change: a case study from the lower Mekong Delta of southern Vietnam. Electron Green J 1:1–12Google Scholar
  58. Tamin NM, Zakainah R, Hashim R, Yin Y (2011) Establishment of Avicennia marina mangroves on accreting coastline at Sungai Haji Dorani, Selangor, Malaysia. Estuar Coast Shelf Sci 94:334–342CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Thampanya U, Vermaat J, Sinsakul S, Panapitukkul P (2006) Coastal erosion and mangrove propagation of Southern Thailand. Estuar Coast Shelf Sci 68:75–85CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Thieler ER, Himmelstoss EA, Zichichi JL, Ergul A (2009) Digital Shoreline Analysis System (DSAS) version 4.0-An ArcGIS extension for calculating shoreline change, U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1278Google Scholar
  61. Thu PM, Populus J (2007) Status and changes of mangroves in Tra Vinh, Vietnam. Estuar Coast Shelf Sci 71:98–109CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Valiela I, Bowen JL, York JK (2001) Mangrove forests: one of the world’s threatened major tropical environments. Bioscience 51:807–815CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Yin J, Yin Z, Wang J, Xu S (2012) National assessment of coastal vulnerability to sea-level rise for the Chinese coast. J Coast Conserv 16:123–133CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Zuur A, Ieno EN, Walker N, Saveliev AA, Smith GM (2009) Mixed effects models and extensions in ecology with R. Springer, BerlinCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hai-Hoa Nguyen
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Clive McAlpine
    • 1
  • David Pullar
    • 1
  • Stephen Joseph Leisz
    • 3
  • Gramotnev Galina
    • 1
  1. 1.The School of Geography, Planning & Environmental ManagementThe University of QueenslandBrisbaneAustralia
  2. 2.Department of Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Forest Resources & Environmental ManagementVietnam Forestry UniversityHanoi CityVietnam
  3. 3.Department of AnthropologyThe Colorado State UniversityFort CollinsUSA

Personalised recommendations