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Effects of Peanut Shell Biochar on the Adsorption of Cd(II) by Paddy Soil

Abstract

Soil from an experimental paddy field in southern China was incubated with peanut shell biochar to investigate effects of this additive on the adsorption and desorption characteristics of Cd(II) using batch methods. Incorporation of biochar increased adsorption of Cd(II) by the paddy soil at 20, 25, and 30°C; this trend was apparent both with increasing quantities of biochar and rising temperature. Incorporation of biochar primarily enhanced the non-electrostatic adsorption of Cd(II). In addition, supplementation with biochar decreased the adsorption rate of Cd(II), which decreased with increasing quantities of biochar. The Langmuir constant b and Freundlich constant kf both increased with greater quantities of biochar at different temperatures. Adsorption of Cd(II) was an endothermic process and occurred spontaneously. Incorporation of biochar decreased availability and mobility of Cd(II) to plants primarily through increased non-electrostatic adsorption of Cd(II) by paddy soil.

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Acknowledgements

This project was supported by the National Key Technologies R&D Program of China (2015BAD05B02), the Natural Science Foundation of Hunan Province, China (2015JJ2081), the Natural Science Foundation of China (41101293), the China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (2014M562110), the Research Fund for the Doctoral Program of Higher Education of the Ministry of Education of China (20114404120015), and Key Project of International Cooperation in Science and Technology Innovation (S2016G0053).

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Correspondence to Chao Xu.

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Xu, C., Wen, D., Zhu, Q. et al. Effects of Peanut Shell Biochar on the Adsorption of Cd(II) by Paddy Soil. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 98, 413–419 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-016-1973-6

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Keywords

  • Sorption
  • Desorption
  • Biomass
  • Isothermal model