Skip to main content

Remediation of Arsenic Contaminated Soil Using Phosphate and Colloidal Gas Aphron Suspensions Produced from Sapindus mukorossi

Abstract

Phosphate and colloidal gas aphrons (CGAs) generated from saponin extracted from Sapindus mukorossi fruit, were evaluated for washing low levels of arsenic from an iron rich soil. Phosphate is one of the most commonly dispersed chemicals that increases arsenic mobility in soil due to their structural similarities, making it an important factor in arsenic removal process. Column washing experiments were performed with CGAs in down flow and up flow modes on soil of pH 5 and 6. Soapnut CGAs, when paired with phosphate removed up to 95 % arsenic while soapnut CGAs alone could only remove up to 70 % arsenic. The presence of phosphate improved efficiency of soapnut solution by up to 35 %. SEM image of washed soil revealed minor corrosion of soil surface while using phosphate with soapnut. Therefore, the addition of phosphates would have positive impact on soil washing using soapnut saponin.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3

References

  1. Alam MGM, Tokunaga S, Maekawa T (2001) Extraction of arsenic in a synthetic arsenic-contaminated soil using phosphate. Chemosphere 43:1035–1041. doi:10.1016/s0045-6535(00)00205-8

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Bhatia D, Goel G, Bhimania SK, Bhaskarwar AN (2005) Characterization and drainage kinetics of colloidal gas aphrons. AlChE J 51:3048–3058

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  3. Brookins DG (1986) Geochemical behavior of antimony, arsenic, cadmium and thallium: Eh-pH diagrams for 25 C, 1-bar pressure. Chem Geol 54:271–278

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Chien SH, Clayton WR (1980) Application of Elovich equation to the kinetics of phosphate release and sorption in soils. Soil Sci Soc Am J 44:265–268

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  5. DOE Malaysia (2009) Contaminated Land Management and Control Guidelines No. 1: Malaysian Recommended Site Screening Levels for Contaminated Land

  6. Hashim MA, Mukhopadhyay S, Sengupta B, Sahu JN (2012) Applications of colloidal gas aphrons for pollution remediation. J Chem Technol Biotechnol 87:305–324. doi:10.1002/jctb.3691

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. Jang M, Hwang JS, Choi SI, Park JK (2005) Remediation of arsenic-contaminated soils and washing effluents. Chemosphere 60:344–354. doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2004.12.018

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Majumder A, Bhattacharyya K, Kole SC, Ghosh S (2013) Efficacy of indigenous soil microbes in arsenic mitigation from contaminated alluvial soil of India. Environ Sci Pollut Res 20:5645–5653. doi:10.1007/s11356-013-1560-x

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Mukhopadhyay S, Hashim MA, Sahu JN, Yusoff I, Sen Gupta B (2013) Comparison of a plant based natural surfactant with SDS for washing of As(V) from Fe rich soil. J Environ Sci (China) 25:2247–2256. doi:10.1016/s1001-0742(12)60295-2

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  10. Mukhopadhyay S, Hashim M, Allen M, Sen Gupta B (2015a) Arsenic removal from soil with high iron content using a natural surfactant and phosphate. Int J Environ Sci Technol 12:617–632

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  11. Mukhopadhyay S, Mukherjee S, Hashim MA, Sen Gupta B (2015b) Application of colloidal gas aphron suspensions produced from Sapindus mukorossi for arsenic removal from contaminated soil. Chemosphere 119:355–362. doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2014.06.087

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  12. Mulligan CN (2005) Environmental applications for biosurfactants. Environ Pollut 133:183–198

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  13. O’Neill A, Gupta BS, Phillips DH (2014) Distribution of arsenic and risk assessment of activities on a golf course fertilised with arsenic-containing Ascophyllum nodosum seaweed. Sci Total Environ 482–483:252–259. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2014.03.006

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. Pradhan M, Bhargava P (2008) Defect and microstructural evolution during drying of soapnut-based alumina foams. J Eur Ceram Soc 28:3049–3057

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  15. Roy D, Kommalapati RR, Mandava S, Valsaraj KT, Constant WD (1997) Soil washing potential of a natural surfactant. Environ Sci Technol 31:670–675

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  16. Song S, Zhu L, Zhou W (2008) Simultaneous removal of phenanthrene and cadmium from contaminated soils by saponin, a plant-derived biosurfactant. Environ Pollut 156:1368–1370. doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2008.06.018

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  17. Storer DA (1984) A simple high sample volume ashing procedure for determining soil organic matter. Commun Soil Sci Plant Anal 15:759–772

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  18. Tokunaga S, Hakuta T (2002) Acid washing and stabilization of an artificial arsenic-contaminated soil. Chemosphere 46:31–38. doi:10.1016/s0045-6535(01)00094-7

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  19. Zeng M, Liao B, Lei M, Zhang Y, Zeng Q, Ouyang B (2008) Arsenic removal from contaminated soil using phosphoric acid and phosphate. J Environ Sci (China) 20:75–79. doi:10.1016/s1001-0742(08)60011-x

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgments

The authors acknowledge the funding provided by University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur (Project UM-QUB6A-2011) for carrying out this research (Brookins 1986).

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Mohd Ali Hashim.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Mukhopadhyay, S., Mukherjee, S., Hashim, M.A. et al. Remediation of Arsenic Contaminated Soil Using Phosphate and Colloidal Gas Aphron Suspensions Produced from Sapindus mukorossi . Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 98, 366–372 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-016-1878-4

Download citation

Keywords

  • Arsenic
  • Soapnut
  • Sapindus mukorossi
  • Soil remediation
  • Colloidal gas aphrons