## Abstract

Let \({\alpha}\) be a bounded linear operator in a Banach space \({\mathbb{X}}\), and let *A* be a closed operator in this space. Suppose that for \({\Phi_1, \Phi_2}\) mapping *D*(*A*) to another Banach space \({\mathbb{Y}}\), \({A_{|{\rm ker}\, \Phi_1}}\) and \({A_{|{\rm ker}\, \Phi_2}}\) are generators of strongly continuous semigroups in \({\mathbb{X}}\). Assume finally that \({A_{|{\rm ker}\, \Phi_\text{a}}}\), where \({\Phi_\text{a} = \Phi_1 \alpha + \Phi_2 \beta}\) and \({\beta = I_\mathbb{X} - \alpha}\), is a generator also. In the case where \({\mathbb{X}}\) is an *L*
^{1}-type space, and \({\alpha}\) is an operator of multiplication by a function \({0 \le \alpha \le 1}\), it is tempting to think of the later semigroup as describing dynamics which, while at state *x*, is subject to the rules of \({A_{|{\rm ker}\, \Phi_1}}\) with probability \({\alpha (x)}\) and is subject to the rules of \({A_{|{\rm ker}\, \Phi_2}}\) with probability \({\beta (x)= 1 - \alpha (x)}\). We provide an approximation (a singular perturbation) of the semigroup generated by \({A_{|{\rm ker}\, \Phi_\text{a}}}\) by semigroups built from those generated by \({A_{|{\rm ker}\, \Phi_1}}\) and \({A_{|{\rm ker}\, \Phi_2}}\) that supports this intuition. This result is motivated by a model of dynamics of *Solea solea* (Arino et al. in SIAM J Appl Math 60(2):408–436, 1999–2000; Banasiak and Goswami in Discrete Continuous Dyn Syst Ser A 35(2):617–635, 2015; Banasiak et al. in J Evol Equ 11:121–154, 2011, Mediterr J Math 11(2):533–559, 2014; Banasiak and Lachowicz in Methods of small parameter in mathematical biology, Birkhäuser, 2014; Sanchez et al. in J Math Anal Appl 323:680–699, 2006) and is, in a sense, dual to those of Bobrowski (J Evol Equ 7(3):555–565, 2007), Bobrowski and Bogucki (Stud Math 189:287–300, 2008), where semigroups generated by convex combinations of Feller’s generators were studied.

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Banasiak, J., Bobrowski, A. A semigroup related to a convex combination of boundary conditions obtained as a result of averaging other semigroups.
*J. Evol. Equ.* **15**, 223–237 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00028-014-0257-z

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00028-014-0257-z