American Journal of Community Psychology

, Volume 23, Issue 5, pp 569–579 | Cite as

Empowerment theory, research, and application

  • Douglas D. Perkins
  • Marc A. Zimmerman


This introduction to the special issue briefly reviews the meaning and significance of the empowerment concept and problems associated with the proliferation of interest in empowerment. We identify some of the topics not included in this issue and relate those to the many broad and diverse areas of psychological empowerment theory and community-based research and intervention that are covered. We present synopses of each article along with some of the themes and lessons cutting across the frameworks, studies, and applications. These include a wide diversity of settings, fairly representative of empowerment interventions, and, at the same time, improved clarity (if not unanimity) of definitions and measurement, which has been a problem in much empowerment research and intervention.

Key Words

psychological empowerment community empowerment community psychology 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Douglas D. Perkins
    • 1
  • Marc A. Zimmerman
    • 2
  1. 1.Environment and Behavior Area, FCS Department/AEBUniversity of UtahUtahSalt Lake City
  2. 2.Health Behavior and Health Education, School of Public HealthUniversity of MichiganMichiganAnn Arbor

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