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Neotropical Entomology

, Volume 48, Issue 1, pp 71–77 | Cite as

Temperature Thresholds and Thermal Requirements for Development and Survival of Dysmicoccus brevipes (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) on Table Grapes

  • A BertinEmail author
  • S Lerin
  • M Botton
  • J R P Parra
Ecology, Behavior and Bionomics
  • 45 Downloads

Abstract

Temperature is an important climate factor that has a direct influence on insect biology and consequently a crucial role in forecasting and integrated pest management. The mealybug Dysmicoccus brevipes (Cockerell) (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) is one of the most common species in Brazilian vineyards. Here, development and survival of D. brevipes on leaves of table grapes (Vitis vinifera cv. Itália) were studied at five constant temperatures (15, 20, 25, 28, and 30 ± 1°C) under laboratory conditions. We investigated the developmental time and nymphal survival, temperature thresholds, and the degree-day requirements for each life stage of D. brevipes. The developmental time for the nymphal stage ranged from 32 to 130 days with decreasing the temperature, with the temperatures of 28 and 30°C providing the shorter developmental time. Survival of the entire nymphal stage was affected by the temperature, ranging from 81% at 20°C to 1% at 15°C. The predicted upper lethal temperature was 34.5°C, while the optimal temperature was 28.6°C. The minimum threshold for total development of D. brevipes occurred at 8.2°C. Dysmicoccus brevipes required 678.4 degree-days to complete development from first-instar nymph to adult. The temperature of 30°C was the most suitable for the development of D. brevipes. The thermal thresholds estimated for D. brevipes life cycle suggest that this species can develop in different table grape-producing regions of Brazil, in a temperature range between 8 and 35°C.

Keywords

Pineapple mealybug Vitis vinifera thermal constant lower developmental threshold optimal temperature 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank Dr. Janet W. Reid (JWR Associates) for English and technical corrections, Prof. Dr. Wesley Augusto Conde Godoy for assistance with the non-linear model, and the Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq, Process No. 130892/2010-6) for granting a scholarship to the first author.

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Copyright information

© Sociedade Entomológica do Brasil 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Depto de Entomologia e AcarologiaUniv de São PauloPiracicabaBrasil
  2. 2.Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia do Rio Grande Do SulBento GonçalvesBrasil
  3. 3.Embrapa Uva e VinhoBento GonçalvesBrasil

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