Preparation and electrochemical properties of SiO2–non-graphitizable carbon composites as negative electrode materials for Li-ion batteries
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SiO2–non-graphitizable carbon composites were prepared by pyrolysis of a mixture of ethyl cellulose and nano-sized SiO2. The composite electrode showed high reversibility in insertion and/or extraction reactions of Li ions at potentials below 1 V with little hysteresis after the 2nd cycle, whereas a large irreversible capacity was observed in the 1st cycle. This reversible capacity increased with increasing SiO2 content above 5 wt%. Li ion transfer at the interface between a composite electrode and an electrolyte was studied by ac impedance spectroscopy. In the Nyquist plots, a semi-circle that was assigned to charge-transfer resistance (Rct) because of Li ion transfer across the interface between the composite electrode and electrolyte appeared at potentials below 1 V. The values of Rct decreased with increasing SiO2 content. These results indicate that both a decrease in Rct and an increase in reversible capacity can be achieved by use of SiO2–non-graphitizable carbon composite electrodes; this would lead to Li-ion batteries with higher power and energy density.
KeywordsNon-graphitizable carbon Silicon oxide Negative electrode Lithium-ion battery
- 7.Mizuhata M, Kitamura M, Kajinami A, Deki S (2003) In: Abstract of 70th Electrochemical Society of Japan, 1M31Google Scholar