Cognitive Therapy and Research

, Volume 39, Issue 3, pp 263–278 | Cite as

Emotion Regulation Flexibility

  • Amelia Aldao
  • Gal Sheppes
  • James J. Gross
Original Article


How do people flexibly regulate their emotions in order to manage the diverse demands of varying situations? This question assumes particular importance given the central role that emotion regulation (ER) deficits play in many forms of psychopathology. In this review, we propose a translational framework for the study of ER flexibility that is relevant to normative and clinical populations. We also offer a set of computational tools that are useful for work on ER flexibility. We specify how such tools can be used in a variety of settings, such as basic research, experimental psychopathology, and clinical practice. Our goal is to encourage the theoretical and methodological precision that is needed in order to facilitate progress in this important area.


Emotion regulation flexibility Emotion regulation Context Affective science Psychopathology 



The authors would like to thank Kara Christensen, Lee Dunn, Andre Plate, Ilana Seager, and Anne Wilson for their comments on earlier versions of this manuscript.

Conflict of Interest

This work received no funding/support and the data have not been presented elsewhere. Given that this is a theoretical review, there was no involvement of human or animal subjects.

Informed Consent

All procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (national and institutional). Informed consent was obtained from all individual subjects participating in the study. If any identifying information is contained in the paper the following statement is also necessary—Additional informed consent was obtained from any subjects for whom identifying information appears in this paper.

Animal Rights

No animal studies were carried out by the authors for this article.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyThe Ohio State UniversityColumbusUSA
  2. 2.School of Psychological SciencesTel Aviv UniversityTel AvivIsrael
  3. 3.Department of PsychologyStanford UniversityStanfordUSA

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