Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum L.): Anther Culture and Induction of Androgenesis

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Abstract

The cultivated tomato, Lycopersicon esculentum, is an important crop plant in many parts of the world. Since its spread to Europe via Spain in the 16th century from Mexico, where it was originally domesticated, it has found good natural growing conditions particularly in Mediterranean countries. By greenhouse seeding or completely sheltered culture, this crop has spread to countries in temperate zones, where it has become a popular item in the daily diet. Although relatively poor in food value, the tomato nonetheless can be a valuable source of vitamins C and B, as well as mineral salts, where consumption is high (see EsquinasAlcazar 1981).