Article

Behavior Research Methods

, Volume 45, Issue 4, pp 1347-1357

An LCD tachistoscope with submillisecond precision

  • Holger F. SperdinAffiliated withDepartment of Fundamental Neuroscience, University Medical School of Geneva (CMU) Email author 
  • , Marc RepnowAffiliated withLaboratory of Psychophysics, Brain Mind Institute, École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL)
  • , Michael H. HerzogAffiliated withLaboratory of Psychophysics, Brain Mind Institute, École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL)
  • , Theodor LandisAffiliated withDepartment of Fundamental Neuroscience, University Medical School of Geneva (CMU)

Abstract

Tachistoscopes allow brief visual stimulation delivery, which is crucial for experiments in which subliminal presentation is required. Up to now, tachistoscopes have had shortcomings with respect to timing accuracy, reliability, and flexibility of use. Here, we present a new and inexpensive two-channel tachistoscope that allows for exposure durations in the submillisecond range with an extremely high timing accuracy. The tachistoscope consists of two standard liquid-crystal display (LCD) monitors of the light-emitting diode (LED) backlight type, a semipermeable mirror, a mounting rack, and an experimental personal computer (PC). The monitors have been modified to provide external access to the LED backlights, which are controlled by the PC via the standard parallel port. Photodiode measurements confirmed reliable operation of the tachistoscope and revealed switching times of 3 μs. Our method may also be of great advantage in single-monitor setups, in which it allows for manipulating the stimulus timing with submillisecond precision in many experimental situations. Where this is not applicable, the monitor can be operated in standard mode by disabling the external backlight control instantaneously.

Keywords

Visual perception Tachistoscope Subliminal stimulation LCD LED backlight Visual stimulation device